CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information

History of Disabilities and Social Problems

<- General

Mental Illness, Insanity, Madness / Maladie Mentale

Abercrombie, J. (1828) Pathological and practical researches on the diseases
of the brain.

Abricossoff, Mme. (1897) L'hysterie aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siecles. Paris.

(An) Account of the Rise and Present Establishment of the Lunatic Asylum in
Manchester, Manchester, England, 1771.

Ackermann, A. (1891) Les facultes de l'ame chez les anciens et chez les
modernes. Annales de philosophie Chret., n.s., No. 23, 584-594.

Adams, T. (1615) Mystical Bedlam, or the World of Mad-Men. Great Britain.

Alexander, Marc. (1976) The Administration of Madness and Attitudes Toward
the Insane in Nineteenth Century Paris. Thesis, John Hopkins University,
Baltimore, USA.

Allen, M. (1831) Cases of Insanity, with Medical, Moral and Philosophical
Observations upon Them. Great Britain.

Allen, M. (1837) Essays on the Classification of the Insane. Great Britain.

Alliez, Joseph et Huber, J.-P. (1976) L'assistance aux malades mentaux au
XVIIIe siecle a Marseille. Histoire des Sciences medicales., tome 10, No.
1-2, 60-71.

Anderson, E.W. (1971) Strinberg's illness. Psychological Medicine, Vol. 1,
104- 117.

Arlidge, J. (1859) On the State of Lunacy and the Legal Provision for the
Insane, with Observations on the Construction and Organization of Asylums.
Great Britain.

Armour, Philip (1981) The Cycles of Social Reform: mental health policy
making in the United States, England and Sweden. Washington: University Press
of America.

Arnold, Thomas. (1782, 1786) Observation on the Nature, Kinds, Causes and
Prevention of Insanity, Lunacy or Madness. 2 vols. Leicester, England: G.

Arnold, Thomas. (1809) Observations on the Management of the Insane and
Particularly on the Agency and Importance of Human and Kind Treatment in
Effecting their Cure. Great Britain.

Baillarger, J.G.F. (1854) Essai de classification des maladies mentales.

Baillarger, J.G.F. (1890) Recherches sur les maladies mentales. Paris. [2

Bakewell, T. (1809) The Domestic Guide in Cases of Insanity. Newcastle,

Barbier, F. (1978) Le transport des alienes au XIXø siecle a Paris apres
la loi de 1838. L'Information psychiatrique, No. 1, jan., 57-67.

Barlow, J. (1843) Man's Power over Himself to Prevent or Control Insanity.
Great Britain.

Barr, M.W. (1894) Moral paranoia. Alienist and Neurologist, Vol. 16, 272-284.

Barrows, S.J. (1898) The Criminal Insane in the United States and Foreign
Countries. Washington.

Battelle, M. (1845) Rapport sur les etablissements des alienes d'Angleterre,
et sur ceux de Bicetre et de la Salpetriere. Paris.

Battie, William. (1758) Treatise on Madness. London: J. Whiston and B. White.

Bayle, A. (1822) Recherches sur les maladies mentales. Paris.

Beach, F. (1898) Insanity in children. Journal of Mental Science, Vol. 44,
459- 473.

Beauchesne, Herve. (1985) L'Origine de la notion d'autisme en
psychopathologie. Perspectives Psychiatriques, Vol. 23(4), No. 103, 273-279.

Benoit, C. (1859) De la paralysie generale des alienes. Paris.

Bergeron, Marcel. (1954) La psychopathologie d'hier et d'aujourd'hui.
Journal de psychologie normal et pathalogique, 265-288.

Berthier, P. (1857) De la nature de l'alienation mentale. Montpellier.

Bigorre, Alain. (1967) L'Admission du malade mental dans les etablissements
de soins de 1789 a 1838. These, Faculte de Medecine et Pharmacie, Dijon.

Billod, E. (1882) Des maladies mentales et nerveuses. Paris. [2 vols.]

Black, W. (1810) A Dissertation on Insanity, Illustrated with Tables, and
Extracted from between Two and Three Thousand Cases in Bedlam. Great Britain.

Blackmon, D.M. (1968) The care of the mentally ill in America, 1604-1812, in
the thirteen original Colonies. Nurs. Res. Conf., 65-113.

Blandford, George. (1886) Insanity and its Treatment: lectures on the
treatment, medical and legal, of insane patients. 3rd Ed. Together with Types
of Insanity: an illustrated guide in the physical diagnosis of mental illness
by A.M. Hamilton. New York: W. Wood.

Bleandonu, Gerard, et Le Gaufey, Guy. (1975) Naissance des asiles d'alienes
(Auxerre-Paris). Annales, No. 1, jan-fev., 93-121.

Bollotte, G. (1965) Les projets d'assistance aux malades mentaux avant la loi
de 1838. L'Information psychiatrique, 505-513.

Bollotte, G. (1966) Les projets d'assistance aux malades mentaux sous la
Restauration. Annales medico-psychologiques, No. 124, 383-402.

Bollotte, G. (1966) Les chateaux de frere Hilarion [Xavier Tissot].
L'Information psychiatrique, 723-733.

Bollotte, G. (1968) Les malades mentaux de 1790 a 1838 dans l'oeuvre de P.
Serieux. L' Information psychiatrique, Vol. 44, 911-9.

Bollotte, G. et Bigorre, A. (1966) L'assistance aux malades mentaux a Paris
de 1789 a 1838. Annales medico-psychologiques, No. 124, 463-474.

Bomart, O.A. (1852) De l'alienation mentale. Paris.

Bonfils, J.F. (1819) De la folie ou alienation mentale. Paris.

Bonnet, H. (1883) Philosophie et physiologie cliniques de l'alienation
mentale. Paris.

Bourneville, M.S. (1894-1899) Recherches cliniques et therapeutiques sur
l'epilepsie, l'hysterie et l'idiotie. Paris.

Bowen, T. (1784) An Historical Account of the Origin, Progress and Present
State of Bethlem Hospital. Great Britain.

Brand, Jeanne L. (1965) The National Mental Health Act of 1946: a retrospect.
(The Federal Government and Health Research, 1900-1960: a symposium, 1964).
Bulletin of the History of Medicine, Vol 39, 231-245; 252-260.

Bright, T. (1586) A treatise of melancholie. London.

Briquet. (1889) Traite de l'hysterie. Paris.

Brissaud, E. et Meige, H. (1895) Lecons sur les maladies nerveuses. Paris.

Bromberg, Norbert and Small Verna (1983) Hitler's Psychopathology. New York:
International Universities Press.

Broussais, F.J.V. (1822-24) Traite de physiologie appliquee a la pathologie.

Broussais, F.J.V. (1828-29) De l'irritation et de la folie. Paris.

Browne, W.A.F. (1837) What Asylums Were, Are and Ought to Be. Edinburgh,

Bru, P. (1890) Histoire de Bicetre. Paris.

Brush, E.N. (1897) An analysis of one hundred cases of acute melancholia.
British Medical Journal, Sept. 25, and American Journal of Insanity, Vol. 54,

Bucknill, John and Tuke, Daniel Hack. (1878) Insanity in ancient and modern
life, with chapters on its prevention. London: Macmillan.

Burrows, G. (1820) An Inquiry into Certain Errors relative to Insanity.
London, Great Britain.

Burrows, G. (1828) Commentaries on the Causes, Forms, Symptoms and Treatment,
Moral and Medical, of Insanity. London, Great Britain.

Burstein, Sona Rosa. (1949) Aspects of the psychopathology of old age
revealed in witchcraft cases of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
British Medical Bulletin, Vol. 6, 63-72.

Busfield, J. (1986) Managing Madness: changing ideas and practice. London:

Butler, Tom (1985) Mental health, social policy and the law. London:

Bynum, W., Porter, R. and Shepard, M. (Eds.) (1985) The Anatomy of Madness:
essays in the history of psychiatry. London: Tavistock.

Byrd, M. (1974) Visits to Bedlam: Madness and Literature in the Eighteenth
Century. Columbia, South Carolina, USA: University of South Carolina Press.

Carini, Esta et al. (1974) The Mentally Ill in Connecticut: changing patterns
of care and the evolution of psychiatric nursing, 1636-1972. Hartford,
Connecticut, USA.: State of Connecticut Department of Mental Health.

Carlson, Eric. (1972) Nineteenth century insanity and poverty. Bulletin of
the New York Academy of Medicine, Vol. 48, 539-544.

Charlesworth, E.P. (1828) Considerations on the Moral Management of Insane
Persons. Great Britain.

Chatelin, Philippe. (1921) Contribution a l'etude du regime des alienes et
anormaux aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siecles. These, Faculte de Medecine, Paris.

Chiarugi, Vincenzo (1987) On Insanity and its Classification. Canton,
Maryland, USA: Science History Publications.

Chiu, E. (1977) The plight of the mentally ill Chinese in Victoria, 1867 to
1879. Medical Journal of Australia, No. 1, 541-4, 594-7.

Clarke, Basil. (1975) Mental disorder in earlier Britain. Cardiff, Wales:
University of Wales.

Colaizzi, Janet. (1989) Homicidal Insanity, 1800-1985. Tuscaloosa, Alabama:
University of Alabama Press.

Collinson, G. (1812) Treatise on the Law concerning Idiots, Lunatics and
Other Persons `Non Compotes Mentis'. Great Britain.

Conolly, J. (1830) An Inquiry concerning the Indications of Insanity. Great

Conolly, J. (1847) The Construction and Government of Lunatic Asylums. Great

Conolly, J. (1850) Familiar Views of Lunacy and Lunatic Life. Great Britain.

Conolly, J. (1856) The Treatment of the Insane without Mechanical Restraints.
Great Britain.

Dagonet, Henri. (1876) Nouveau traite elementaire et pratique des maladies
mentales. Paris: Bailliere.

Dain, Norman. (1964) Concepts of Insanity in the United States, 1789-1865.
New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA.: Rutgers University Press.

Daumerzon, G. et. al. (1971) Michel Foucault et L'histoire de la folie."
Evolution psychiatrique Vol. 36, 227-41.

Davidson, H.A. (1976) State responsibility for care of the mentally ill.
Journal of the Medical Society of New Jersey, Vol. 73, No. 1, 27-29.

(A) Description of Bedlam with an Account of its Present Inhabitants, 1772,
Great Britain.

Dershowitz, A.M. (1974) Dangerousness as a criterion for confinement.
Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatric Law, Vol. 2, 172-179.

Deutch, Albert. (1944) The first U.S. census of the insane (1840) and its use
as pro-slavery propaganda. Bulletin of the History of Medicine, Vol 15,

Deutsch, Albert. (1949) The Mentally Ill in America: A history of their care
and treatment. New York.

Dix, Dorothea. (1971) On Behalf of the Insane Poor. Selected Reports. New
York: Arno Press. [Facsimiles of eleven 19th-century texts, 1843-1852]

Dix, Kenneth. (1977) Madness in Russia, 1775-1864: official attitudes and
institutions for its care. Thesis, University of California at Los Angeles.

Doerner, Klaus. (1981) Madmen and the Bourgeoisie. Oxford, England: Basil

Draguns, J.G. (1974). Values reflected in psychopathology: The case of the
Protestant ethic. Ethos, 2(2).

Dudley, E. and Novack, M. (Eds.) The Wild Man Within: an Image in Western
Thought from the Renaissance to Romanticism. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA:
University of Pittsburgh Press.

Duncan, A. (1809) Observations on the Structure of Hospitals for the
Treatment of Lunatics. Edinburgh, Scotland.

Duncan, A. Jr. (1809) Observations on the General Treatment of Lunatics as a
Branch of Medical Police. Edinburgh, Scotland.

Earle, P. (1837) Of the Causes, Duration, Termination and Moral Treatment of
Insanity. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Earle, P. (1841) A Visit to Thirteen Asylums for the Insane in Europe.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Earle, P. (1887) The Curability of Insanity: a series of studies.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: J.B. Lippincott.

Edginton, B. (1981) The Formation of the Asylum in Upper Canada. Doctoral
Thesis, University of Toronto, Canada.

Education and care of imbeciles and harmless lunatics. Report of a special
committee of the Charity Organisation Society presented to the council, Jan.
15, 1877. London: Longman, Green, 1877.

Ellis, W.C. (1815) Considerations on the Necessity of Proper Places being
Provided by the Legislature for the Reception of All Insane Persons. Hull,

Ellis, W.C. (1838) A Treatise on the Nature, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
of Insanity. Great Britain.

Esquirol, J.E. (1805) Des Passions considerees comme causes, symptomes, et
moyens curatifs de l'alienation mentale. Paris.

Esquirol, J.E. (1819) Des Etablissements consacres aux alienes en France.

Esquirol, J.E. (1838) Des maladies mentales, considerees sous les rapports
medicaux, hygieniques, et medico-legaux, 1772-1840. Paris: Bailliere.

Esquirol, J.E. (1845) Mental Maladies: a treatise on insanity. Reproduced in
facsimile by Hafner, New York, 1965.

Fessler, A. (1956) The Management of Lunacy in Seventeenth-Century England:
An investigation of Quarter Sessions Records. Proceedings of the Royal
Society of Medicine, v49, 901-907.

Finnane, Mark. (1981) Insanity and the Insane in Post-famine Ireland. London:

Fossoyeux, Marcel. (1914) Les alienes a Paris au XVIIIe siecle. Le quartier
des dements a Saint-Lazare. Bulletin de la Societe francaise d'Histoire de la
Medecin, tome 13, 133-137.

Fossoyeux, Marcel. (1939) Cure balneaire et thaumaturgique des alienes au
moyen-age. Bulletin de la Societe francaise de l'Histoire de Medecine, tome
33, 21-32.

Foucault, Michel. (1961) Folie et deraison. Histoire de la folie a l'age
classique. Paris: P.U.F.

Foucault, M. (1965) Madness and Civilization. New York: Vintage. Foucault,
Michel. (1966) Maladie mentale et psychologie. Paris: P.U.F.

Fox, Richard. (1978) So Far Disordered in Mind: insanity in California, 1870-
1930. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. [Revision of Thesis,
Stanford University, "Madness in Urban America"]

Fullinwider, S.P. (1975) Insanity as the loss of self: the moral insanity
controversy revisited. Bulletin d'Histoire Medicale, Vol. 49, 87-101.

Gaetner, Rose. (1983) Le corps mis en mots: scolarite et psychoses: l'hopital
de jour et l'ecole. Neuchatel, Suisse: Delachaux et Niestle.

Galt, John. (1846) The Treatment of Insanity. Reprinted by Arno Press, New
York, 1973.

Gauchet, Marcel et Swain, Gladys (1980) La pratique de l'esprit humain:
l'institution asilaire et la revolution democratique. Paris: Gallimard.

Gineste, Thierry. (1981) Victor de l'Aveyron, dernier enfant sauvage, premier
enfant fou. Paris: Le Sycomore.

Goetz, Christopher. (1987) Charcot at the Salpetriere: ambulatory
automatisms. Neurology, Vol. 37, No. 6, 1084-1088.

Gorwitz, K. (1974) Census enumeration of the mentally ill and the mentally
retarded in the nineteenth century. Health Services Report, Vol. 89, 180-7.

Graham, Thomas. (1967) Medieval Minds: mental health in the Middle Ages.
London: Allen and Unwin.

Great Britain. (1763) Report of the Select Committee Appointed to Enquire
into the State of Private Madhouses.

Great Britain. (1772) Reasons for the Establishing and Further Encouragement
of St. Luke's Hospital for Lunatics.

Great Britain. (1807) Report from the Select Committee on the State of
Criminal and Pauper Lunatics and the Laws Relating thereto.

Great Britain. (1815) Report from the Committee of the House of Commons on
Madhouses in England. London: Baldwin, Cradock and Joy.

Great Britain. (1815-1816) Reports from the Select Committee on the Better
Regulation of Madhouses in England.

Great Britain. (1819) Return of the Number of Lunatics Confined in the
Different Goals, Hospitals, and Lunatic Asylums.

Great Britain. (1824) Returns of Counties where there are Lunatic Asylums.

Great Britain. (1827) Report from the Select Committee on the State of Pauper

Great Britain. (1837) Returns of the Number of Pauper Lunatics and Idiots in
Each County in England and Wales; and of Criminal Lunatics, with Their Places
of Confinement.

Great Britain. (1914-37) Commissioners in Lunacy. Annual Reports.

Great Britain. (1926) Report of the Royal Commission on Lunacy and Mental
Disorder. London.

Great Britain. (1950) Colonial Office. Studies in mental illness in the Gold
Coast. By G. Tooth. London.

Greenland, Cyril. (1958) One hundred years of Scottish lunacy legislation. A
critical review. Public Health (London), Vol. 72, 147-55.

Grey, J. (1815) History of the York Lunatic Asylum. York, England.
Griesinger, Wilhelm. (1867) Mental pathology and therapeutics. London: New
Sydenham Society.

Griffen, John. (1988) Mental Health in Canada: a chronicle of the Canadian
Mental Health Association. London, Ontario, Canada: Third Eye Publications.

Grigg, E.R.N. (1955) Historical and bibliographical review of tuberculosis in
the mentally ill. Journal of the History of Medicine, Vol. 10, 58-108.

Grob, Gerald. (1966) The State and the Mentally Ill: a history of Worcester
State Hospital in Massachusetts. Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA: University
of North Carolina Press.

Grob, Gerald. (1973) Mental Institutions in America: Social Policy to 1875.
New York: Free Press.

Grob, Gerald. (1977) Rediscovering asylums: the unhistorical history of the
mental hospital. The Hastings Center Report, No. 7, 33-41.

Gilman, Sander. (1984) Jews and mental illness: medical metaphors,
anti-semitism and the Jewish response. Journal of the History of the
Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 2, 150-159.

Guillain, G. et Mathieu, P. (1925) La Salpetriere. Paris.

Haldipur, C.V. (1984) Madness in ancient India: concept of insanity in
Charaka Samhita (1st century A.D.) Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 25, No. 3,

Hallaran, W. (1810) An Inquiry into the Causes Producing the Extraordinary
Addition to the Numbers of the Insane. Cork, Ireland.

Halliday, A. (1806) On the Present State of Lunatic Asylums in Great Britain.

Halliday, A. (1828) A General View of the Present State of Lunatics and
Lunatic Asylums in Great Britain and Ireland.

Hamilton, Charles. (1980) Concerned Leaders: mental health legislation in
Mississippi. Aberdeen, Mississippi: Gregg-Hamilton.

Hamlin, Percy. (1961) Evolution of the care of the mentally ill. Diseases of
the Nervous System, Vol. 22, 208-211.

Harper, A. (1789) A Treatise on the Real Cause and Cure of Insanity. Great

Haslam, J. (1809) Observations on Insanity. First published 1798. Great

Haslam, J. (1810) Illustrations of Madness. Great Britain.

Haslam, J. (1817) Considerations on the Moral Management of Insane Persons.
Great Britain.

Hemphill, R.E. (1966) Historical witchcraft and psychiatric illness in
Western Europe. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine (Section on the
History of Medicine), Vol. 59, 891-902.

Henry, M. (1922) La Salpetriere sous l'Ancien Regime. Paris.

Henry, W. (1941) Mental hospitals. In G. Zilboorg (Ed.) A History of Medical
Psychology. New York: Norton, 558-589.

Hess, Joseph. (1963) Treatment of mental ailments among the Jews of Yemen.
Hebrew Medical Journal, Vol. 36, 228-234.

Hess, J.P. and Wollstein, S. (1964) The attitude of the ancient Jewish
sources to mental patients. Israel Annals of Psychiatry, Vol. 2, 103-16.

Hill, R.G. (1839) Total Abolition of Personal Restraint in the Treatment of
the Insane. Great Britain.

Hill, R.G. (1857) The Non-Restraint System of Treatment in Lunacy. Great

Hillman, R.G. (1974) The imprisonment of mentally ill patients in early
nineteenth-century provincial France: legal proceedings. Proceedings:
International Congress of the History of Medicine, 23rd, London, 1972. Vol.
1, 416-421.

Hodgkinson, R. (1966) Provision for pauper lunatics, 1834-1871. Medical
History, v10, 138-154.

Houlin, P. et al. (1976) Proges ou recul dans la prise en charge du malade
mental de Pinel a nos jours. Annales medico-psychologiques, tome 2, No. 1,
108- 122.

Hunter, R. and Macalpine, I, (1969) George III and the Mad-Business. London:
Allen Lane.

Hunter, R. and Macalpine, I. (1974) Psychiatry for the Poor: 1851, Colony
Hatch Asylum to Friern Hospital, 1973 - a medical and social history. London:

Hurd, Henry. (1916) The Institutional Care of the Insane in the United States
and Canada. 4 vols. Baltimore, USA.

Ireland, W. (1849) The Mental Afflictions of Children: Idiocy, Imbecility and
Insanity. London: J. and A. Churchill.

Jackson, Stanley W. (1972) Unusual mental states in medieval Europe. I.
Medical syndromes of mental disorder: 400-1100 A.D. Journal of the History of
Medicine, Vol. 27, 262-297.

Jeste, D., del Carmen, R., Lohr, J. and Wyatt, R. (1985) Did schizoprenia
exist before the eighteenth century? Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 26, No.
6, 493- 503.

Jimenez, Mary Ann. (1987) Changing Faces of Madness: early American attitudes
and treatment of the insane. Hanover, New Hampshire, USA: Brandeis University
Press/ University Press of New England.

Jones, Kathleen. (1960) Mental Health and Social Policy, 1845-1959. London:
Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Jones, K. (1972) A History of Mental Health Services. London: Routledge and
Kegan Paul.

Jones, R.E. (1970) Old and new Philadelphia plans for mental health. Hospital
and Community Psychiatry, Vol. 21, 309-317.

Kaufman, M. Ralph. (1966) The Greeks had some words for it. Early Greek
concepts on mind and "insanity". Psychiatric Quarterly, Vol. 40, Jan., 1-33.

Kava, J. (1949) Pinel's conception of the psychopathic state; an historical
critique. Bulletin of the History of Medicine, Vol. 23, 453-468.

Kemp, Simon (1985) Modern myth and medieval madness: views of mental illness
in the European middle ages and renaissance. New Zealand Journal of
Psychology, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1-8.

Kirkpatrick, T. Percy. (1931) A Note on the History of the Care of the Insane
in Ireland up to the End of the Nineteenth Century. Dublin, Ireland:
University Press.

Kroll, Jerome and Bachrach, Bernard. (1984) Sin and mental illness in the
Middle Ages. Psychological Medicine, Vol. 14, No. 3, 507-514.

Kumasaka, Y. (1967) Iwakura: early community care of the mentally ill in
Japan. American Journal of Psychotherapy, Vol. 21, 666-676.

Kumasaka, Y. and Yoshioka, S. (1968) The law of private imprisonment - fifty
dark years for the mentally ill in Japan. American Journal of Psychiatry,
Vol. 125, 123-126.

Lasch, Christopher. (1974) The origins of the asylum. In The World of
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Lee, T'ao and others. (1962) Some early records of nervous and mental
disorders in traditional Chinese medicine. Chinese Medical Journal, Vol. 81,
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Lee, Y.K. (1973) Lunatics and lunatic asylums in early Singapore (1819-1969).
Medical History, Vol. 17, 16-36.

Locke, John. (1690) An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. London: Barnet.

Lomax, Elizabeth (1983) A mid-nineteenth century British pediatrician's
interpretation of the mental peculiarities and disorders of childhood. Clio
Medica, 17(4), 223-234.

Lowe, L. (1883) The Bastilles of England; or, the Lunacy Laws at Work. Great

Lumley, W. (1845) The New Lunacy Acts. Great Britain.

MacNiven, Angus. (1960) The first commissioners [for the Board of Lunacy]:
reform in Scotland in the mid-nineteenth century. Journal of Mental Science,
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(The) madness of Don Quixote. (1910) British Medical Journal, Vol. 1, 944.
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Lunatic Hospital and Asylum. Manchester, England.

Martindale, Don & Martindale, Edith (1985) Mental disability in America since
World War II. New York: Philosophical Library.

Martinez, Michel. (1980) Legislation d'aide et de protections sociales:
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in Massachusetts. Boston, USA: V. White.

McCandless, Peter. (1974) Insanity and Society: a study of the English lunacy
reform movement, 1815-1870. Thesis, University of Wisconsin, USA.

McLaren, Angus. (1986) The creation of a haven for "human thoroughbreds": the
sterilization of the feeble-minded and the mentally ill in British Columbia.
Canadian Historical Review, Vol. 67, 127-150.

Mellett, D.J. (1977) Government, society and aspects of the care and control
of the insane in 19th century England. PhD. Thesis, Cambridge, England.

Meyer, Alfred. (1960) Emergent patterns of the pathology of mental disease.
(34th Maudsley lecture). Journal of Mental Science, Vol. 106, 785-802.

Milns, R. D. (1986) Attitudes towards mental illness in antiquity. Australian
and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 20, No. 4, 454-462.

Minkowski, S. (1962) Apercu sur l'evolution des notions en psychopathologie.
Toulouse medecine, Vol. 63, 337-362.

Minot, Pierre. (1927) Sur quelques cas de psychopathie dans la famille du
Cardinal de Richelieu: etude de psychopathologie historique. Paris: Jouve.

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Morel, B.A. (1860) Le Non-restraint, ou de l'abolition des moyens coercifs
dans le traitement de la folie.

Morel, Pierre et Quetel, Claude. (1985) Les medecins de la folie. Paris:

Morton, R.S. (1977) Public Provision for Lunatics and Criminal Lunatics in
19th- century Scotland and Ireland. PhD. Thesis, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Narby, Jeremy. (1982) The evolution of attitudes towards mental illness in
pre- industrial England. Journal of Orthomolecular Psychiatry, Vol. 11, No.
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Neugebauer, Richard. (1976) Mental Illness and Government Policy in Sixteenth
and Seventeenth Century England. PhD. Thesis, Columbia University, New York,

Neugebauer, R. (1978) Treatment of the mentally ill in medieval and early
modern England. Journal of the History of the Behavioural Sciences, 14, 158-

Nisbet, J.F. (1900) The insanity of genius and the general inequality of
human faculty physiologically considered. London: Grant Richards.

Norman, Hubert. (1930) Some factors in the reform in the treatment of the
insane. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, Vol. 24, 1068-1074.

O'Brien, Liam. (1967) The magic wisp. A history of the mentally ill in
Ireland. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, vol. 31, 79-95.

O'Donoghue, E. (1914) The Story of Bethlehem Hospital. London: T. Fisher

Parchappe de Vinay, J.B. (1839) Recherches statistiques sur les causes de
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