CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information

History of Disabilities and Social Problems

<- Medicine

Mental Retardation / Handicap mental

Abbot, Pamela and Sapsford, Roger. (1987) Community Care for Mentally
Handicapped Children. London: Open University Press.

Abramson, A. Sandra (1973) The Politics of Mental Retardation. New York:
Health/PAC Bulletin No. 48 [Includes "Willowbrook: from agony to action]

Achenbach, P. (1966-7) Mental subnormality, 1324-1961: a consideration of the
development of the concept, with an account of the relevant British
legislation and of the psychological aspects of the educational provision for
the intellectually subnormal child. Ph.D. thesis, Queen's University,
Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Actes du colloque international "100 ans apres Edouard Seguin" 1912-1980,
Paris, Hopital de la Salpetriere, 9 Oct. 1980. Bulletin de la Societe Alfred
Binet et Theodore Simon, No. 580, 1981.

Adolph, Val. (1978) The History of Woodlands. New Westminster, British

Alaszewski, Andy. (1986) Institutional Care and the Mentally Handicapped: the
Mental Handicap Hospital. London: Croom Helm.

Allen, E.E. (1904) Education of the defective. Monographs on Education, Vol.
15, p. 51.

Apert. (1902) Les Enfants retardataires. Paris.

Apert, E. (1906) Les enfants retardateurs. Paris.

Baguer, Gustave. (1898) Internat de perfectionnement pour les arrieres et les
instables. (Collections historiques, INRP, Paris).

Baguer, Gustave. (1907) Situation scolaire des enfants anormaux en octobre
1907. (Collections historiques, INRP, Paris).

Baguer, Gustave. (1908) Situation scolaire des enfants anormaux en octobre
1908. (Collections historiques, INRP, Paris).

Baguer, Gustave. (1913) L'enfance anormale et l'internat. (Communication au
congres de l'alliance d'Hygiene sociale). Lyon: Bureaux de l'enfance

Bails, Louis. (1981) Cent ans apres Seguin. Cahiers de l'enfance inadaptee,
No. 246, mars-avril, 18-20.

Baker, Mary (1973) The Beat of Drums: history of Canadian Association for the
Mentally Retarded - PEI Division. Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island,
Canada: CAMR - PEI.

Balthazar, Earl and Stevens, Harvey. (1975) The Emotionally Disturbed
Mentally Retarded: a historical and contemporary perspective. Englewood
Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Barnett, W. Steven. (1986) The transition from public residential school for
retarded people to custodial facilities: an economic explanation. Disability,
Handicap and Society, 53-71.

Barr, M.W. (1894) The influence of heredity on idiocy. Journal of Nervous and
Mental Disorders, Vol. 20, 344-353.

Barr, M.W. (1899) Mental defectives and the social welfare. Popular Science
Monthly, Vol. 54, 746-759.

Barr, Martin W. (1904) Mental defectives; their history, treatment and
training. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston.

Barr, Martin W. and Maloney, E.F. (1920) Types of Mental Defectives.
Philadelphia: P. Blakiston.

Beach, F. (1894) Types of idiocy and imbecility. Clinical Journal of London,
Vol. 4, 43-46.

Beach, F. (1895) The treatment and education of mentally feeble children.

Begab, M.J. and Richardson, S.A. [Eds.] (1975) The Mentally Retarded and
Society: A social science perspective. Baltimore: University Park Press.

Belhomme. (1824) Essai sur l'Idiotie. These, Paris.

Benda, Clemens (1949) Mongolism and Cretinism. 2nd Ed. New York: Grune and

Benda, Clemens (1952) Developmental Disorders of Mentation and Cerebral
Palsies. New York: Grune and Stratton.

Berkson, G. and Landesman-Dwyer, S. (1977) Behavioral research on severe and
profound mental retardation (1955-1974). American Journal of Mental
Deficiency, Vol. 81, 428-54.

Berry, R.J.A. and Porteus, S.D. (1920) Intelligence and social valuation: a
practical method for the diagnosis of mental deficiency and other forms of
social inefficiency. Vineland, New Jersey: Vineland Training School

Binet, A. and Simon, T. (1914) Mentally defective children. London: E.

Binet, Alfred et Simon, Theodore. (1905) Sur la necessite d'etablir un
diagnostic scientifique des etats inferieurs de l'intelligence. L'Annee
Psychologique, No. 11, 161-190.

Binet, Alfred, et Simon, Theodore. (1907) Les enfants anormaux. Paris: Cite.

Blatt, B. (1970). Exodus from Pandemonium: Human abuse and a reformation of
public policy. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Bogdan, Robert. (1986) Exhibiting mentally retarded people for amusement and
profit, 1850-1940. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, Vol. 91, No. 2,
120- 126.

Boncour, P. et Philippe. (1911) Les Anomalies mentales chez les ecoliers.
Paris: Alcan.

Boulange, Luc et Lambert,Jean-Luc. (1981) Les autres: expressions artistiques
chez les handicapes mentaux. Bruxelles: P. Mardaga.

Bourneville. (1889) Histoire de la section des enfants de Bicetre
(1879-1889). Paris: Progres-medical - Lecrosnier et Babe.

Bourneville. (1891) Recueil de memoires, notes et observations sur l'idiotie.
Paris: Lecrosnier et Babe.

Bourneville, M.S. (1894-1899) Recherches cliniques et therapeutiques sur
l'epilepsie, l'hysterie et l'idiotie. Paris.

Bourneville. (1895) Assistance, traitment et education des enfants idiots et
degeneres. Paris: Alcan, Progres medical.

Bourneville. (1897) Lettre aux membres de la 3eme commission du Conseil
General de la Seine sur la creation de classes speciales pour les enfants
arrieres. Bicetre: Imprimerie des enfants.

Bourneville. (1900) Asile-ecole de Bicetre; compte rendu du service des
enfants arrieres et epileptiques (annee 1899). Bicetre: Imprimerie
typographique des enfants.

Bourneville. (1903) Recherches cliniques et therapeutiques sur l'epilepsie,
l'hysterie et l'idiotie. Compte-rendu du service des enfants idiots,
epileptiques et arrieres de Bicetre pendant l'annee 1902. Paris: Alcan.

Bourneville, D.M. (1904) Asile-ecole de Bicetre; compte-rendu du service des
enfants arrieres, nerveux et epileptiques (annee 1903). Paris: Bicetre.

Bourneville, Marcel. (1908) Quelques reflexions a propos de l'assistance des
enfants anormaux a Paris. Paris: Masson.

Braddock, D. (1986) Federal assistance for mental retardation and
developmental disabilities. I. A review through 1961. Mental Retardation,
Vol. 24, 175-182.

Bragar, Madeline (1977) The Feebleminded Female: an historical analysis of
mental retardation as a social definition. Thesis: Syracuse University.

Brauner, Alfred. (1959) Perspectives de la reeducation des arrieres mentaux.
Cahiers de l'Enfance Inadaptee, jan.

Brauner, A. et Brauner, F. (1984) Vers une methodologie du travail educatif
avec des enfants deficients mentaux. Actualites psychiatriques, No. 10.

Brauner, Alfred et Michelet, Andre. (1980) Ecrits de Edouard Seguin. Saint-
Mande: Groupement de Recherche pratique pour l'enfance.

Brockett, L. (1881) In memory of Edouard Seguin. Proceedings of the
Association of Medical Officers of American Institutions for Idiotic and
Feebleminded Persons, 226-235.

Brousseau, Kate. (1928) Mongolism: A study of the physical and mental
characteristics of mongolian imbeciles. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins.

Brown, B. (1847-62) The treatment and cure of idiots. Boston.

Burt, Cyril. (1950) The backward child. Vol. I; The sub-normal school-child,
Vol. II. London: University Press.

Burt, Cyril. (1955) The subnormal mind. 3rd Ed. Oxford: Oxford University

Canada. Department of National Health and Welfare. (1953) Services for the
care and training of mentally defective persons in Canada. Ottawa: Queen's

Castellani, Paul (1987) The Political Economy of Developmental Disabilities.
Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Paul Brookes.

Cathcart, Keith M. (1962) The Beattie-Smith Lectures: Changes in the
community attitude to mental retardation: I. Developments over the last
hundred years. Medical Journal of Australia, ii, 689-94.

Charities Organisation Society. (1877) Report of a Sub-Committee on the
Education and Care of Idiots, Imbeciles and Harmless Idiots. London: Longman,

Cleland, Charles. (1978) Mental Retardation: a developmental approach.
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

Collins, Dean T. (1965) Children of sorrow. A history of the mentally
retarded in Kansas. Bull. Hist. Med., Vol. 39, 53-78.

Collinson, G. (1812) Treatise on the Law concerning Idiots, Lunatics and
Other Persons `Non Compotes Mentis'.

Colloque International de Commemoration, 1980, Paris - 100 ans apres Edourad
Seguin, 1812-1880. Saint Mande: Groupement de recherche pratique pour

Colloque sur les deficiences mentales. Enfance, No. 1-2, jan-mars.
Cranesfield, Paul F. (1961) A seventeenth century view of mental deficiency
and schizophrenia: Thomas Willis on "stupidity or foolishness". Bulletin of
the History of Medicine, Vol. 35, 291-316.

Cranesfield, Paul F. (1972) On the stupidity of the Boeotians and the
Batavians. In, Pagel, W. Science, medicine and society in the Renaissance.
Vol. 2.

Crankfield, Paul F. and Federn, Walter. (1967) "The begetting of fools": an
annotated translation of Paracelsus' "De generatione stultorum". Bulletin of
the History of Medecine, Vol 46, 3-21.

Crew, H.M. (1983) Money, Morality and Mental Deficiency: an examination of
the attitudes and influences that caused destitute unmarried mothers to be
certified as "moral defectives" under the Mental Deficiency Act of 1913.
Master of Social Science Thesis, Birmingham, England.

Crissey, M.S. (1975) Mental retardation: past, present, and future. American
Psychologist, Vol. 30, 800-8.

Dailly, R. (Ed.) (1983) Les deficiences intellectuelles de l'enfant.
Toulouse: Privat.

Daly, W.C. and Bellamy, E.E. (1969) Historic milestones in mental
retardation. Random notes and sketches. Clinical Pediatrics, Vol. 8, 543-7.

Davies, Stanley. (1923) Social Control of the Feeble Minded. New York:
National Committee for Social Hygiene.

Davies, Stanley. (1930) Social Control of the Mentally Deficient. New York:

Davies, Stanley. (1969) Social Work and Mental Retardation: past, present,
and future. Boston: AAMD.

Davies, Stanley and Ecob, Katherine. (1959) The Mentally Retarded in Society.
New York: Columbia University Press.

Decroly, O. (1909) Classification des arrieres. Congres de psychiatrie.

De l'Instruction et de l'education des enfants arrieres et instables.
Bulletin medical (Paris), Vol. 31, No. 8.

Descoeudres, Alice (1948) L'Education des enfants arrieres. Ses principes et
ses methodes, application a tous les enfants. Paris: Delachaux et Niestle.

Dix conferences sur la pedagogie des enfants arrieres et anormaux. Par un
groupe de professeurs d'enfants arrieres, sous la direction du Dr. Th. Simon.
Auxerre: L'Universelle, 1931.

Doll, Edgar. (1917) Clinical Studies in Feeble-mindedness. Boston: R.G.

Doll, Edgar. (Ed.) (1932). Twenty-five years. A memorial volume in
commemoration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Vineland Laboratory,
1906-1931. Vineland, New Jersey, USA: Training School Department of Research.

Doll, Edgar. (1962) A historical survey of research and management of mental
retardation in the United States. In E. Trapp and P. Himelstein (Eds.),
Readings on the Exceptional Child. New York, Appleton Century Crofts.

Doll, Eugene. (Ed.) (1967) Historical review of mental retardation:
1800-1965. A symposium. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, Vol. 72,

Doll, Eugene. (1967) Trends and problems in the education of the mentally
retarded. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, Vol. 72, 175-83.

Doll, Eugene. (1970) A historical view of the private residental facility in
the training and study of the mentally retarded in the United States. Mental
Retardation, Vol.8, 3-8.

Doll, Eugene. (1972) The historical collections of the AAMD: a review and an
appeal. Mental Retardation, Vol 10, Dec., 16-9..

Down, J. (1867) Observations on an ethnic classification of idiots. Journal
of Mental Science, v13, 121-123.

Dugdale, R. (1877) The Jukes: A study in crime, pauperism, disease, and
heredity. New York: G.P. Putnam.

Duncan, P. and Millard, W. (1866) A Manual for the Classification Training,
and Education of the Feeble-minded, imbecile and idiotic. London: Longmans,

Education des enfants arrieres, idiots, et infirmes. Rapport a M. Le
Directeur de l'Administration Generale de l'assistance publique par les
institutrices de l'ecole de la Salpetriere. Paris: Monterran, 1900.

Elkin, E. (1977) Historical perspectives. In A National Forum on Residential
Services. Arlington, Texas: National Association for Retarded Citizens, 5-12.

Fernald, Walter. (1893) The history of the treatment of the feebleminded.
Boston: G.H. Ellis.

Fernald, Walter. (1924) Thirty years' progress in the care of the
feeble-minded. Journal of Psycho-Asthenics, v29, 206-219.

Ferrus, G.M.A. (1895) Rapport au ministre de l'Interieur sur l'etablissement
prive d'E. Seguin pour le traitment et l' education des enfants idiots, 1840.
Archives de Neurologie, No. 30, 264-268.

Formain. (1899) Assistance et traitement des idiots et imbeciles. Paris.

France. Ministere de la Sante. (1944) Coordination des services de l'enfance
deficiente ou en danger moral. But - Activites - Realisations. Paris.

Freeman, B.L. and Mundy, J. (1972) Historical overview of recreation for the
retarded. Rehabilitation Record, Vol. 13, May-June, 15-7.

Freeman, S., le Bourdais, I., Otis, R. et Tradiff, J. (1982) Les services
offerts aux deficients mentaux: du passe au present. Apprentissage et
socialisation, Vol. 5, No. 3-4, 231-240.

Gabbay, John. (Ed.) (1983) Mental handicap and education. Oxford Review of
Education, Vol. 9, 169-279.

Gardner, J.M. (1968) Lightner Witmer - a neglected pioneer. American Journal
of Mental Deficiency, Vol. 72, 719-20.

Gelb, Steven. (1986) Henry H. Goddard and the immigrants, 1910-1917: the
studies and their social context. Journal of the History of the Behavioral
Sciences, Vol. 22, No. 4, 324-332.

Gelb, Steven. (1987) Social deviance and the "discovery" of the moron.
Disability, Handicap and Society, Vol. 2, 247-257.

Gilabert, Helene. (1981) Edouard Seguin: l'homme, le medecin, le pedagogue -
Jeux et materiels educatifs. L'Ecole maternelle francaise, No. 9, juin,

Goddard, H. (1912) The Kallikak Family: a study in the heredity of
feeblemindedness. New York: Macmillan.

Gorwitz, K. (1974) Census enumeration of the mentally ill and the mentally
retarded in the nineteenth century. Health Services Report, Vol. 89, 180-7.

Graney, Bernard (1978) Hervey Backus Wilbur and the making of a myth.
Doctoral Thesis, Syracuse University, Syracuse, N.Y.

Great Britain. (1962) Ministry of Health. Central Health Services Council.
Standing Mental Health Advisory committee. The training of staff of training
centres for the mentally subnormal. London.

Great Britain. (1914) Statutes. The mental Deficiency Act, 1913, together
with the regulations and rules made under the provisions of that Act, and
annotations by R.A. Leach. 2nd ed. London.

Greenland, C. (1963) The treatment of the mentally retarded in Ontario. In
Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal, Vol. 8, No.5, 328-336.

Greenland, Cyril. (1967-8) Canadian pioneers in mental retardation.
Rehabilitation Canada, No. 17, 3-6.

Hackett, G.T. (1969) The History of Public Education for Mentally Retarded
Children in the Province of Ontario, 1867-1964. Doctoral Thesis, University
of Toronto.

Haim, Andre. (1957) Origine et evolution de la notion de debilite mentale.
Histoire Medicale, Vol. 7, No. 1, 15-23.

Halpern, J., Sackett, K., Binner, P. and Mohr, C. (1980). The Myths of
Deinstitutionalization: Policies for the Mentally Disabled. Boulder,
Colorado: Westview Press.

Heaton-Ward, W. Alan. (1977) Left behind: a study of mental handicap.
Plymouth, Great Britain: Macdonald and Evans.

Hecht, Irene and Frederick. (1973) Mara and Benomi Buck: familial mental
retardation in colonial Jamestown. Journal of the History of Medicine, Vol
28, 171-6.

Hendrick, I. and MacMillan, D. (1987) Coping with diversity in city school
systems: the role of mental testing in shaping special classes for mentally
retarded children in Los Angeles - 1900-1930. Education and Training in
Mental Retardation, Vol. 22, No. 1, 10-17.

Hilliard, L.T. and Kirman, Brian (1957) Mental Deficiency. London: J. & A.

Hoffer, H. (1937) L'Enfance deficiente. Paris: J. Vautrin.

Hoffer, H. et Angles. (1932) La Reeducation des deficients psychiques et des
retardes scolaires. Paris: Doin.

Hoover, John and Wade, Michael. (1985) Motor learning theory and mentally
retarded individuals: a historical review. Adapted Physical Activity
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(L') Idiotie aujourd'hui: colloque sur les troubles graves du developpement
psychologique. Raison Presente, No. 65, 1983.

Inhelder, Barbel. (1943) Le diagnostic du raisonnement chez les debiles
mentaux. Neuchatel: Delachaux et Niestle.

Ireland, W. (1849) The Mental Afflictions of Children: Idiocy, Imbecility and
Insanity. London: J. and A. Churchill.

Ireland, W. (1877) On Idiocy and Imbecility. London: J. and A. Churchill.

Japan League for the Mentally Retarded. (1977) Education, medical care and
welfare for the mentally retarded in Japan, 1976-1977. Tokyo: Nihon Bunka

Johnson, G.E. (1895) Contributions to the psychology and pedagogy of feeble-
minded children. Pedagogical Seminar, Vol. 3, 246-301.

Judge, Cliff. (1987) Civilization and Mental Retardation: a history of the
care and treatment of intellectually disabled people. Mulgrave, Australia:
Magenta Press.

Jullian, L. (1867) Principes de l'education des sourds-muets et des enfants
arrieres, a l'usage des instituteurs primaires et des familles, avec tableaux
d'articulation et 2 planches. Paris: Delagrave.

Kanner, Leo. (1964) A history of the care and study of the mentally retarded.
Springfield, Ill: C.C. Thomas.

Kanner, Leo. (1967) Medicine in the history of mental retardation: 1800-1965.
American Journal of Mental Deficiency, Vol. 72, 165-70.

Kanner, Leo. (1967) History of attitudes toward the mentally retarded. In:
J.A. Askin [et. al.] A symposium on the child...1964. Baltimore, USA: Johns
Hopkins Press.

Kenney, Richard (1972) The Prevalence of Peonage in State Supported Total
Institutions for the Mentally Retarded. Indiana University.

Kraft, Ivor. (1961) Edward Seguin and the 19th century moral treatment of
idiots. Bulletin of the History of Medicine, v45, 393-419.

Krishef, Curtis H. (1983) An introduction to mental retardation. Springfield,
Ill.: Thomas.

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Lambert, Jean-Luc. (1986) Handicap mental et societe: un defi pour
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Ley, A. (1904) L'arrieration mentale. Bruxelles.

Locke, John. (1690) An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. London: Barnet.

Luckey, B. M. (1967) The contributions of psychology to the problems of
mental retardation with some implications for the future. American Journal
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MacDowell, Margaret (1930) Simple beginnings in the training of mentally
defective children. 3rd ed. London: Law and Local Governments Publications.

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Toronto: King's Printer.

MacMurchy, Helen (1920) The almosts; a study of the feeble-minded. Boston:
Houghton Mifflin.

Mahendra, B. (1985) Subnormality revisited in early 19th century France.
Journal of Mental Deficiency Research, Vol. 29, 391-401.

Manion, Mary and Bersani, Hank. (1987) Mental Retardation as a Western
Sociological Construct: a cross-cultural analysis. Disability, Handicap and
Society, Vol.2, no. 3, 231-245.

Martin Luther's attitude toward the mentally retarded (1968). Pediatrics,
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World War II. New York: Philosophical Library.

Martinez, Michel. (1982) L'Actualite d'Edouard Seguin: Un mort a tirer de
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in Massachusetts. Boston: V. White.

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Theoretical Medicine, Vol. 4, 227-322.

McLaren, Angus. (1986) The creation of a haven for "human thoroughbreds": the
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education des enfants deficients intellectuels. Toulouse: Privat.

Mooney, Craig (1971) Mental retardation developments in Canada: 1964-1970.
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Mooney, Craig (1971) Les progres realises dans le domaine de l'arrieration
mentale au canada, de 1964 a 1970. Ottawa: Ministere de la Sante national et
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Mooney, Craig (1974) The MR adventure: Canada, 1964-1974. Toronto: AAMD.

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Netchine, Gaby. (1970) La representation de la deficience mentale, de
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O'Connor, N. and Tizard, J. (1956) The Social Problem of Mental Deficiency.
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Polloway, Edward. (1984) The integration of mildly retarded students in the
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Ray, Larry. (1982) Eugenics, mental deficiency and Fabian socialism between
the wars. Sociology and Social History of Medicine Bulletin, No. 30-31,

Rosen, M., Clark, G. and Kivitz, M. (Eds.) (1976) The History of Mental
Retardation (Collected Papers). Vol. I and II. Baltimore: University Park

Repp, Alan C. (1983) Teaching the mentally retarded. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.:

Returns of the Number of Pauper Lunatics and Idiots in Each County in England
and Wales; and of Criminal Lunatics, with Their Places of Confinement,
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Royce, Josiah. (1893) Mental defect and disorder from the teacher's point of
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Ryan, Joanna and Thomas, Frank. (1981) Mental handicap: the historical
background. In W. Swann (Ed.), The Practice of Special Education. Oxford:
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Scheerenberger, R.C. (1983) A History of Mental Retardation. Baltimore: Paul
H. Brookes.

Scheerenberger, R. C. (1987) A history of mental retardation: a quarter
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