CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information

CATEGORIES OF DISABILITIES

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CATEGORIES OF DISABILITIES


DISABILITY:

	  An individual is considered to have a 
	  "disability" if that individual either (1) 
	  has a physical or mental impairment which 
	  substantially limits one or more of that 
	  person's major life activities, (2) has a 
	  record of such an impairment, or, (3) is
	  regarded by the covered entity as having 
	  such an impairment.


VISUAL IMPAIRMENTS

Included in this category are disorders in the structure and functions of the
eye as manifested by at least one of the following: (1) visual acuity of
20/'70 or less in the better eye after the best possible correction, (2) a
peripheral field so constricted that it affects the student's ability to
function in an educational setting, (3) a progressive loss of vision which
may affect the ability to function in an educational setting.  Examples of
visual impairments include, but are not limited to: cataracts, glaucoma,
nystagmus, retinal detachment, retinitis pigmentosa, and strabismus.


PHYSICAL IMPAIRMENTS

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders, as well as neuromuscular
disorders are physically disabling conditions which may require adaptation of
the physical environment or curriculum. Examples include, but are not limited
to, cerebral palsy, absence of some body member, clubfoot, nerve damage to
the hand and arm, cardiovascular aneurysm (CVA), head injury and spinal cord
injury, arthritis and rheumatism, intracranial hemorrhage, embolism,
thrombosis (stroke), poliomyelitis, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease,
congenital malformation of brain cellular tissues, and physical disorders
pertaining to muscles and nerves, usually as a result of disease or birth
defect, including, but not limited to, muscular dystrophy and congenital
muscle disorders.


HEARING IMPAIRMENTS

A loss of hearing of 30 decibels or greater, pure tone average of 500,1000,
2000 Hz, ANSI, unaided, in the better ear constitutes a loss significant
enough to be considered dis- abling conditions.. Examples of these include,
but are not limited to, conductive hearing impairment or deafness,
sensorineural hearing impairment or deafness, high or low tone hearing loss
or deafness, and acoustic trauma hearing loss or deafness.


SPECIFIC LEARNING DISABILITIES

Learning disabilities is a generic term that refers to a heterogeneous group
of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and
use of listening, speaking, writing, reading, reasoning, or mathematical
abilities, or of social skill.



Examples include dyslexia, dysgraphia, dysphasia, dyscalculia, and other
learning disabilities in the basic psychological or neurological process.
Such disorders do not include learning problems which are due primarily to
visual, hearing, or motor handicaps, mental retardation, emotional
disturbance, or an environmental deprivation.


SPEECH IMPAIRMENT

These impairments include disorders of language, articulation, fluency, or
voice which interfere with communication, pre-academic or academic
learning, vocational training, or social adjustment. Examples include, but
are not limited to, cleft lip and/or palate with speech impairment,
stammering, stuttering, laryngectomy, and aphasia.


OTHER IMPAIRMENTS

Not limited to conditions listed below.

Cardiovascular and Circulatory Conditions:

Such conditions include, but are not limited to, congenital heart disease,
rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart disease, arteriosclerotic and
degenerative heart disease, other diseases or conditions of the heart, other
hypertensive diseases, varicose veins and hemorrhoids, and other conditions
of the circulatory system.

Mental, Psychological, or Personality Disorders:

Any emotional or behavioral neurosis that creates an unstable condition in
the individual's actions. Included herein are debilitating psychological
disorders e.g.  psychotic disorders, psychoneurotic disorders, alcoholism,
drug dependence, and other character, personality, and behavior disorders.

BloodSerum Disorders:

Typical disorders include hemophilia, sickle cell anemia, and disorders where
the cause is unknown.

Respiratory Disorders:

Debilitating disorders which may include, but are not limited to, asthma,
tuberculosis of the respiratory system, emphysema, pneumoconiosis and
asbestoses, bronchiectasis, chronic bronchitis and sinusitis, other diseases
of the respiratory system.

Diabetes, Epilepsy:

Other conditions that necessitate administrative or academic adjustment and
that do not fit into any of the above categories may also qualify. Contact
the Office of Disability Services for consideration of services for
disabilities not listed here.