CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information

Cornucopia of Disability Information

 

CATEGORIES OF DISABILITIES


DISABILITY:


An individual is considered to have a "disability" if that individual either


(1)  has a physical or mental impairment which  substantially limits one or more of that  person's major life activities,


(2) has a  record of such an impairment, or,


(3) is regarded by the covered entity as having  such an impairment.    


VISUAL IMPAIRMENTS   


Included in this category are disorders in the structure and functions of the eye as manifested by at least one of the following:


(1) Visual acuity of 20/'70 or less in the better eye after the best possible correction,


(2) A peripheral field so constricted that it affects the student's ability to function in an educational setting,


(3) A progressive loss of vision which may affect the ability to function in an educational setting. Examples of visual impairments include, but are not limited to: cataracts, glaucoma, nystagmus, retinal detachment, retinitis pigmentosa, and strabismus.    


PHYSICAL IMPAIRMENTS 

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders, as well as neuromuscular disorders are physically disabling conditions which may require adaptation of the physical environment or curriculum. Examples include, but are not limited to, cerebral palsy, absence of some body member, clubfoot, nerve damage to the hand and arm, cardiovascular aneurysm (CVA), head injury and spinal cord injury, arthritis and rheumatism, intracranial hemorrhage, embolism, thrombosis (stroke), poliomyelitis, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, congenital malformation of brain cellular tissues, and physical disorders pertaining to muscles and nerves, usually as a result of disease or birth defect, including, but not limited to, muscular dystrophy and congenital muscle disorders. 

HEARING IMPAIRMENTS   
A loss of hearing of 30 decibels or greater, pure tone average of 500,1000, 2000 Hz, ANSI, unaided, in the better ear constitutes a loss significant enough to be considered dis- abling conditions.. Examples of these include, but are not limited to, conductive hearing impairment or deafness, sensorineural hearing impairment or deafness, high or low tone hearing loss or deafness, and acoustic trauma hearing loss or deafness.    

SPECIFIC LEARNING DISABILITIES   
Learning disabilities is a generic term that refers to a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, writing, reading, reasoning, or mathematical abilities, or of social skill.     
Examples include dyslexia, dysgraphia, dysphasia, dyscalculia, and other learning disabilities in the basic psychological or neurological process. Such disorders do not include learning problems which are due primarily to visual, hearing, or motor handicaps, mental retardation, emotional disturbance, or an environmental deprivation.    

SPEECH IMPAIRMENT   
These impairments include disorders of language, articulation, fluency, or voice which interfere with communication, pre-academic or academic learning, vocational training, or social adjustment. Examples include, but are not limited to, cleft lip and/or palate with speech impairment, stammering, stuttering, laryngectomy, and aphasia.    

OTHER IMPAIRMENTS   
Not limited to conditions listed below.   

Cardiovascular and Circulatory Conditions:   
Such conditions include, but are not limited to, congenital heart disease, rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart disease, arteriosclerotic and degenerative heart disease, other diseases or conditions of the heart, other hypertensive diseases, varicose veins and hemorrhoids, and other conditions of the circulatory system.   

Mental, Psychological, or Personality Disorders:   
Any emotional or behavioral neurosis that creates an unstable condition in the individual's actions. Included herein are debilitating psychological disorders e.g. psychotic disorders, psychoneurotic disorders, alcoholism, drug dependence, and other character, personality, and behavior disorders.   

Blood Serum Disorders:   
Typical disorders include hemophilia, sickle cell anemia, and disorders where the cause is unknown.   

Respiratory Disorders:   
Debilitating disorders which may include, but are not limited to, asthma, tuberculosis of the respiratory system, emphysema, pneumoconiosis and asbestoses, bronchiectasis, chronic bronchitis and sinusitis, other diseases of the respiratory system.   

Diabetes, Epilepsy:   
Other conditions that necessitate administrative or academic adjustment and that do not fit into any of the above categories may also qualify. Contact the Office of Disability Services for consideration of services for disabilities not listed here.