CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information

DISABLED FULFILLING DREAMS VIA COMPUTER by Linda Shaw

The following article appeared in the August 21st issue of the Seattle Times.

		   DISABLED FULFILLING DREAMS VIA COMPUTER
				by Linda Shaw

    One student used a computer by blowing Morse Code into a tube.  Another
typed 30 words a minute with a mouth wand - a pencil attached to what looks
like a football mouth guard.
    Along with 16 other disabled students, they've just finished summer camp
at the University of Washington, where using computers and taking part in
other projects gave them a taste of what it might be like to be
oceanographers, geophysicists, chemists.
    For two weeks, they sent files to a Cray supercomputer, designed bridges
and grew crystals. All proof, their instructors say, of technology's ability
to empower children with disabilities.
    The camp was part of Project DO-IT (for Disabilities, Opportunities,
Internetworking and Technology), financed primarily by the National Science
Foundation. It's the first program of its magnitude in the nation, said
Lawrence Scadden, director of NSF's effort to recruit disabled students for
careers in science, mathematics and engineering.
    Rodney Lewis, soon to be a senior at Rogers High School in Puyallup, has
no use of his arms or legs and needs a mouth wand to operated a computer. He
began using a computer at age 6, and learned to read and write at a terminal.
    Now he publishes his own newsletter on the Seattle music scene, called
The Curmudgeon.
    When asked a question, Lewis balances his wand on a box strategically
placed near his terminal. He lets the mouth piece slip out of his mouth and
gently rests it against his chin. It's a gesture done as easily as others
cross their arms.
    For him, a computer "is sort of like running water. You don't know what
you'd do without it."
    A few rows away, Shane Babel, a junior at Wilson High School in Tacoma,
blows Morse Code into a long, thin tube attached to his terminal.  It's
called the "sip-and-puff" system, another way students with limited mobility
can enter computer commands.
    Hollis Shostrom, sitting in front of Babel, uses a combination joystick
and foot pedal to operate his computer.
    His speech is hard to understand; it comes out in fragments with long
pauses in between. Even those used to it must listen carefully.
    With the computer, however, his thoughts come across more clearly.
Wearing a T-shirt that says, "I'm not as innocent as I look," he draws
elegant bridge designs. He wants to pursue a degree in civil engineering.
    Through DO-IT, Randy Hammer, who is blind, got his first computer modem.
Now he can call up Internet's on-line newspaper, and his computer software
reads him what's on the screen.
    Sheryl Burgstahler, DO-IT director, says computers can't do everything
these students need to realize their dreams. But they can play a big part,
especially as the equipment gets less expensive and more sophisticated.
    As part of the DO-IT program, those without computers at home will be
loaned the equipment. They'll also be connected to Internet, the
international network of linked computers.
    The program doesn't end with summer camp. The students will attend
science-related activities and keep in touch, via electronic mail, with each
other and their mentors, including physicist Stephen Hawking, who has Lou
Gehrig's disease.
    DO-IT organizers and the NSF want not only to encourage the individuals
involved in the project, but also to document their successes.
    "It will be good for the high schools that the kids come from, as they go
back and the schools recognize that students with disabilities can
participate fully in scientific fields," said Scadden.