CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information

Low Income Status and Disability

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Low-Income Status and Disability


Persons with low incomes are more likely to have disabilities than persons with high incomes. The income measure used in this study is the ratio of family income (personal income is used if the person is not a family member) in the month preceding the interview to a low-income threshold that is equal to one-twelfth of the official annual poverty threshold for a family of the specified size and composition. Among persons 15 to 64 years of age, the proportion with a severe disability was 16.7 percent among persons with an income to threshold ratio below 1.00, 14.7 percent among those with a ratio from 1.00 to 1.49,10.1 percent among those with a ratio from 1.50 to 1.99, 7.4 percent among those with a ratio from 2.00 to 2.99, 5.4 percent among those with a ratio from 3.00 to 3.99, and 3.3 percent among those with a ratio of 4.00 or higher (see figure 5 and table 12). A similar relationship held for persons 65 years old and over. Within this group, the proportion with a severe disability was 53.0 percent among those with a ratio less than 1.00, and 22.8 percent among those with a ratio of 4.00 or higher (see table 13).

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