CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information

Americans with Disabilities

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Race, Hispanic Origin, and Disability


Data for persons of all ages show that the overall disability rates among Whites (19.7 percent), Blacks (20.0 percent), and American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts (21.9 percent) were not statistically different, but the rate of 15.3 percent among persons of Hispanic origin (who may be of any race) was lower than the rates for the first three groups mentioned, and the rate among Asians and Pacific Islanders (9.9 percent) was lower than the rate for persons of Hispanic origin (see table 11)

There were differences among races and ethnicity groups in the severe disability prevalence rate. The rate was 9.4 percent among Whites; 12.2 percent among Blacks; and 8.4 percent among persons of Hispanic origin. Asians and Pacific Islanders had the lowest prevalence rate, 4.9 percent. The rate was 9.8 percent among American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts, higher than the rate for Asians and Pacific Islanders, but not statistically different from the rates for other groups. Comparisons among race and ethnic groups need to consider the effect of other variables, particularly differing age structures.

The proportion of the population aged 65 years and over was 13.0 percent among Whites and 8.7 percent among Blacks. The rates of 4.7 percent among American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts, 5.6 percent among persons of Hispanic origin, and 6.1 percent among Asians and Pacific Islanders were lower than for Whites or Blacks but were not statistically dfflerent from each other.

These differences in age structure reflect differences in life expectancies, birth rates, and immigration patterns. When disability rates are examined for the population 15 to 64 years of age (see figure 4 and table 12), the rate among Whites (17.7 percent) is found to be lower than the rate among Blacks (20.8 percent) and not statistically different from the rate among persons of Hispanic origin (16.9 percent).

American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts had the highest rate (26.9 percent), and Asians and Pacific Islanders had the lowest (9.6 percent). When severe disability is used as the measure, Blacks (12.7 percent), American Indians, Eskimos and Aleuts (11.7 percent), and persons of Hispanic origin (9.1 percent) had higher rates than Whites (7.4 percent), and Asians and Pacific Islanders again had the lowest rate (4.5 percent).

The rate for American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts was not statistically different from ths rate for Blacks or persons of Hispanic origin.

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