CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information The NEW Facts About Disability
Originator: wtm@sheldev.shel.isc-br.com

Index Number: 36136

This Message is brought to you by the American Association of Disabled
Persons.

                       1-800-642-8775

The NEW Facts About Disability

General Information
There are 48.9 million Americans with a disability.  This represents
19.4% of the total population of the United States.  In other words,
nearly 1 in 5 Americans has some type of disability. There are 24.1
million people who have a severe disability, which represents 9.6% of
the total population.

Age
There are 29.5 million Americans with disabilities who are between the
work ages of 15 to 64.  Of these individuals, 13.2 million have a severe
disability.  Within the other age groups, 2.9 million children have a
disability, and 16.5 million adults 65 and older have a disability. The
65 and older group is the most severely disabled.  Of the 16.5 million
adults in this age range with a disability, 10.4 million have a severe
disability.
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Employment and Earnings
For persons without a disability, the employment rate is 80.5%.  For
those with a severe functional limitation, however, the employment rate
is only 27.6%.

The mean earnings for people between the ages of 35 to 54 who have no
disability is $2,446 per month.  Those in the same age range with a
non-severe disability have an average monthly earning of $2,006.  For
those with a severe disability, the average monthly wage is $1,562.
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Functional Limitations of Persons 15 to 64
The following were the most commonly cited functional limitations for
persons between the ages of 15 and 64.

Climbing 8.1 million
Walking 7.9
Lifting 7.8
Hearing 5.5
Seeing  4.8
Speaking 1.5
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Disabling Conditions of Persons 15 to 64

Of the nearly 29.5 million persons between the ages of 15 to 64 who
reported the cause of their disability, the following represent the
most common causes:

Back or spinal problems 3.9 million
Arthritis or rheumatism 2.7
Heart problems  1.5
Lung or respiratory problems    1.4
Limb disorders  1.2
High blood pressure     1.0
Diabetes        0.8
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Insurance Coverage of Persons 15-64
Of the 29.5 million Americans with disabilities between the ages of 15
to 64, 18.4 million are covered by private insurance.  Of the 11.1
million not covered by private insurance, 4.4 million are covered by
Medicaid, and 5.1 million have no form of health insurance.

For those with a severe disability (13.2 million), 6.3 million are
covered by private insurance.  Of the 6.8 million not covered by private
insurance, 3.6 million are covered by Medicaid and 2.1 million have no
health insurance.

Years of School Completed for Persons Between 25 and 64
For the 26.0 million adults between the ages of 25 and 64 who have a
disability, 7.8 million have not finished high school.  Another 10.1
million have completed high school, but have had no college education.
The remaining 8.1 million have had at least some college education.

For the 12.0 million adults between the ages of 25 and 64 who have a
severe disability, 5.0 million have not finished high school; 4.3
million have completed high school, but have had no college education;
and 2.7 million have had at least some college education.

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Source:
McNeil, J. M.  (1993).  Americans with Disabilities:  1991-92.  U.S.
Bureau of the Census Current Population Report P70-33.  Washington, DC:
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