43 million are disabled, about 17% of 250 million; almost
1 out of 5 persons
are disabled given these figures. [Congressional Committee findings
Other sources show higher figures. Largest minority group
One third of disabled Americans are 65 or older. Out of 45 million,
means 15 million of them are seniors. [No Pity, Joe Shapiro, 1992].
About 32 million are over 65, which is 13 per cent. In 25 years 17 percent
will be older than 65. There are hundreds of different kinds of
disabilities--some are congenital, but most come later in life. Fewer
15 percent were born with their disability. [No Pity].
Hearing Impaired (from SHHH and Hearing Journal)
24 million people with hearing impairments:
--1 out of every 11 persons nationally
--1 out of 7 hearing impaired will not seek help
--it takes an average of 7 years for someone with a hearing impairment
--about 3 to 4 million have hearing aids: 12 to 17% of the hearing impaired
--1 out 10 hrg imp persons have aids
--1 million don't use the aids they have
--17 million have no hearing assistance of any kind
--14 million w/ unilateral loss
--about 40% of people above age of 65 has a hearing loss
--this is almost 1 out of 2 persons--some audiologists think this is
--but only 6 per cent of seniors feel they have a hearing problem
--only half those under age 65 feel their loss is a problem
--2 million deaf
--1 out of 125 persons
HARC Mercantile statistics:
(mail order vendor of implements for hearing impaired)
--78 million disabled
--1 out of 3 persons
--same number of women are sexually abused by age 18
--28 million hearing impaired
--1 out of 9
Jonathan's 40% Rule:
Hearing Impairment is like alcohol and drug abuse--there's tremendous
the problem is more rampant than people realize, and accommodation
person's hearing loss must occur every time s/he interacts with another
being. This requires extra effort by both parties attempting to com
Hearing loss affects more than just the people who are hearing impaired.
affects their families, their friends, and their co-workers. Every person,
as well as hearing impaired persons, has at least three other important
people in their life: perhaps a spouse at home, a friend out of the
and a co-worker. Therefore, about 100 million people across the nation,
is forty percent of the nation, are affected by hearing loss. That's
than one out of every three people. Among the disabled population, the
of disability that see the most psychological problems are those with
loss. [various therapists and psych journals].
From Hearing Instruments Magazine:
Only 10 to 30% of hearing instruments fit today have a telecoil.
More than 70% of hearing instruments (not including canal aids!) are
manufactured WITHOUT telecoils!
* 90% of deaf babies are born to hearing parents
* Generally, we all lose a decibel of hearing acuity per year past the
I don't remember where I got the following:
120,000 totally blind
1 out of 2 thousand persons
600,000 legally blind
1 out of 417 persons
2.4 million visually disabled
1 out of 100 persons
The blind can receive nearly 70 per cent more than other disabled persons
both SSI payments and exclusions from taxes. They're allowed to amass
income than any other group of disabled people before they start to
benefits. They have a federal law giving them a monopoly on vending
businesses in public buildings.
1 million wheelchair users
1 out of 250 persons
10,000 people every year are spinal cord injured
82% of spinal cord injuries are male
307,000 under age 44 use wheelchairs--[US Dept of Health]
The 22 independent living centers in Cal get about $5.4 million a year.
is $1 for every $235 going to DR for non-institutionalized MR Californians.
Who lobbies for the physically disabled? The physically disabled themselves.
Or, rather, a hard of hearing attorney who provides that service part-time.
Every year the state cuts SSI/SSP. Two years ago the cut was 5.8%. Last
the cuts was 2.7%. These are people who will never work even though
was passed for them. When the cuts occur, recipients are thrown off
and Medi-Cal. When the cuts occur, people who cannot afford to live
independently go back into the institution, where their care is minimal.
Average life span of a quad in an institution--18 months
Average life span of a quad living independently--15 years.
6 million mentally retarded, 2 million in institutions
From Disability Rag
Cal's Regnl Ctrs for Dev Disabs, designed to serve the needs of
non-institutionalized mentally retarded Californians, receive nearly
a billion dollars in state money ANNUALLY.
This is three and half times as much as the $218 million in mostly federal
money going to all other non-institutionalized disabled people through
Dept of Rehab (which, even then, allocates another $18 million to the
mentally retarded. Not counting SSI, Section 8 housing and Medicaid,
non-institutionalized mentally retarded receive nearly 80% of all disability
support services dollars. The Dept of Rehab increased their funding
of MR 70
per cent in four years. The MR are a fifth of all DR's clients--yet
receive a third of all DR's funds. Agencies receiving these funds run
sheltered workshops where they pay their MR workers an average of 84
an hour. They also give "supported employment"--here, MR workers
average of $2.36 an hour with the help of a full-time job coach, for
agency charges the government $20 an hour. Who lobbies for the MR? The
parents of MR kids. Special Olympics is a propaganda machine, presented
able-bodied people as eternally happy and grateful children they never
Parents of MR children have worked hard to create community homes away
their homes to house their offspring. There is a need for unquestioning,
non-unionized, low paid services workers in the Bush-Reagan economy
which we still suffer. The work programs for MR people is a way of
underwriting cheap floor sweepers and toilet cleaners.
From Job Accommodation Network
An analysis of more than 10,000 disabled employees showed
that 31% of their
hirings required no added cost for special training or facilities. 50%
under $50 and 69% cost less than $500. Only 1% cost over $5,000. Studies
that building a new facility that is accessible adds only 1/2 of 1%
Buying buses with lifts adds only 5% to the cost.
EEOC projects productivity gains of $164 million from
ADA and $222 million
net benefit from decreased support payments coupled with increased revenue:
transforms tax-users into taxpayers
Louis Harris Poll of 1986--latest one just released is
13.4 million in 1988 between 16 and 64 not working because of a disability,
left a job, or were limited in the kind or amount of work they could
do 1 out
of 19 persons According to the Harris Survey of 1986, two thirds of
disabled Americans between the age of 16 and 64 are not working, which
smallest working proportion of any demographic group.
5 million working age people receive governmental disability income
Partial List of varieties of illnesses and disorders
covered by ADA:
mental or emotional illness (uncharted waters, according to Lotito)
former drug users and alcoholics
homosexuality (Jesse Helms' idea--such a brilliant man)
Congressional Committee findings during ADA testimony
disabled are poorest, least educated and largest minority
two-thirds of PWD's of working age are not working, Louis Harris poll
this includes all other demographic groups, including African-Americans
PWD's maintain above average work attendance and productivity
employer fears concerning expensive insurance premiums are unfounded
as expensive modifications to worksite Lou Harris poll finds that 3/4
mgrs. feel that PWD's "often encounter job discrimination from
PWD's with mobility imprmts cannot get transportation to their job
2/3 of those not working want to work Staggering unemployment rate does
stem from the lack of desire to work. Studies show that PWD's perform
or better than their co-workers ADA committee reports find that 8.2
PWD's want to work Over 20 percent of PWD's of working age live in poverty.
PWD's have more than twice as high a poverty rate as other Americans
About 1/2 of PWD's live in households with $15 grand or less--double
proportion of people without disabilities Only 12 percent live in families
with incomes higher than $35,000 less than half the 27 per cent rate
other Americans In 1988 avg. yearly earnings of MWD's 36% less than
Avg. yearly earnings of WWD's 38% less than other women
Almost 2/3 of PWD's did not go to a movie in last year; 3/4 did not
music performance; 2/3 no sport event; 17% never eat in restaurants;
never shop in grocery stores 40% of PWD's did not finish hi skool
36% of PWD's dependent on government support. Another 25% get no support
government yet do not work 60% of govt. support receivers are primary
earners in family Support programs cost US $60 billion annually at federal
level 93 to 95% of fed govt. for PWD's were for income support and
maintenance PWD's subject to widespread and severe discrimination; extremely
disadvantaged; tremendous economic cost.
Spinal Cord Injury stats--
82 % are men, between 16-30 years of age; avg age is 30; most frequent
Stats for head injury indicate a similar profile
56,000 new incidents of traumatic head injury due to accidents in Cal
1100 new incidents of SCI each year; 5,000 deaths
Motor vehicle accidents cause most; 48%; 21% due to falls; violence
[Head Injury Foundation]
Congressional Research Service: (notice the disparity)
Visual 4.3 mill
Hrg Impmt 10.4 mill
Deform/ Orthopedic 12.8 mill
Absence of Extremities 1 mill
Speech impair 1.1 mill
Paralysis (complete or partial) .4 mill
other impairments 3.7 mill
2 or more imprmts 9.9 mill
President's Committee on Employment of People w/ disabs
hard of hrg or deaf 18.4 mill
visually imprd 8.2 mill
use spcl aids for mobility 6.5 mill
National Center for Health Statistics:
the following appeared in an article in the SF Chronicle on the eve
ADA's enactment. The HI figures must refer to the deaf, no?
Wheelchair users 1.07 mill
visually impaired 1.4 mill
hearing impaired 813,000 (!)
alcoholics 10.5 mill
1 out of 25
--43 per cent of all adults over 18 have been exposed
--18.8% have lived with an alcoholic or problem drinker sometime during
--37.9% have a blood relative who is alcoholic
--42.8% have lived with, were related to or married an alkie
Back pain is felt by more than 80% of Americans at some point in their
More than 90% of the people who have back trouble get well on their
nothing more than bed rest and aspirin.
Back injuries cost $126 billion a year in medical costs and lost
productivity. The average back injury claim costs employers $18,365.
85 percent of backs involve lower back. 46,000 disabling back injuries
year. 2nd leading cause of absenteeism, 100 million lost days of work
Surgery can cost more than $55,000.
Census Bureau, 1985-1986
More than one out of every five Americans aged 15 and over have some
disability, with women having a higher disability rate than men, according
to a US Census Bureau study. Difficulty walking was the most common
reported, followed by lifting problems. [probably back problems. Ed.]
The following were some of the finding of "Disability,
and Health Insurance Coverage: 1985-86." The Census Bureau gathered
information from 26,000 households to examine Americans' income and
participation in government programs.
* 37,304,000 Americans aged 15 and over, 20.6 percent
of all people in that
age group [1 out of five, as noted above], have difficulty performing
more basic physical activities.
* About 13.5 million people, 7.5 per cent, [1 out of 20], have a severe
disability--defined as unable to perform activities such as walking,
hearing, or reading, or only with the help of another person. Ths percentage
is based on the number of people with at least one disability, although
have multiple disabilities.
* 14.1 percent of people between the ages of 16 and 64, and 58.5 per
people over 65 have disabilities.
* Women have a higher overall rate of disabilities (23.2 percent) than
(17.7 [percent), mainly because woman outnumber men in the elderly age
* The overall rate of disability is 20.2 percent for whites, 24.9 percent
blacks, and 19.2 percent for Hispanic people.
* Of people who are 16-64, about 18.2 million (12 percent) have a disability
that affects their work. Of these people, 8 million were prevented from
working by their disability.
* 19.2 million people have a problem walking a quarter-mile and 7.89
cannot make the walk. Nearly 40 percent of people who are 65 and over
only 6 percent between 16 and 64 would find the walk taxing.
* 65 to 75 percent of us will become disabled simply by living to our
* Out of 36 million disabled Americans, 15 million are
of working age. Only
5 million have jobs and of the 10 million who don't, 60 percent of them
been on disability unemployment for so long that the US Dept. of Labor
doesn't include them on the ranks of the unemployed.
* One of every 12 federal dollars goes to either a disabled person or
* For every dollar spent to rehabilitate disabled persons for employment,
or more dollars are returned into our economy.
* There are an estimated 43 million individuals with disabilities in
country. Disability touches nearly one out of every 2 adult Americans.
* In 1981, under the age of 17, 10,300,052 cases of asthma and allergies
reported in the US.
* The incident of cystic fibrosis in newborns is one in 2,000 births.
also estimated (1981) are the latest figures) that between 20,000 and
children in the US have cystic fibrosis.
* 1 to 2 percent of the population has some kind of seizure disorder.
* 36 million people have arthritis in the United States. 250,000 them
children and adolescents who have juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
* 80,152 cases of diabetes under the age of 17 were reported in 1981
* 1 in every 600 children in the US has diabetes.
* Nationwide, approximately 700,000 children and adults have cerebral
* 10 pounds of fat on stomach exerts 50 pounds of pressure on the spine.
* Spina bifida is a birth defect condition that occurs in 1.5 out of
* 50,000 new cases of head injury occur each year. Of those 50,000
individuals a year who survive a head injury, most are under the age
From article in SR PD or SF Chron:
* 25,000 Americans have Huntington's disease and about 125,000 are at
of getting it. Symptoms usually appear between ages 30 and 50. Kids
with disease have 50% chance of inheriting the gene.
Joseph Shapiro, author
No Pity: People with Disabilities Forging a New Civil Rights Movement
* People with disabilities rank among the uninsured at a rate slightly
than the 14 per cent national rate. Medicare and Medicaid insure only
1/3 of disabled people and [private insurance often rejects those with
disabilities and pre-existing conditions.
Mitchell La Plante
* 14 per cent of the people with disabilities incur about 41 per cent
nation's total medical costs.
From the Mouth, an excellent disability bi-monthly
83,000 people with CP locked into institutions
100,000 people die every year of decubiti ulcers--bedsores. Most live
nursing homes. Disabled, you are 25 times more likely to spend a piece
your life in a nursing home.
In a long-term study of quads, they lived for an average of 15 years
independent. When at a nursing home--18 months on average.
97% of all disabled women ever earn over $10,000 a year
and that is not a shot in the dark but hard data from US Dept of Labor.
an online service]
Every minutes nearly 300 million cells in your body die. They're replaced
immediately by the division of living cells.
ABC: $2000 to caption a show
EEOC estimates 12,000 complaints in the first year
cost to employer: $2000
$24 million in first year
As of this month, 450 complaints filed--150/month
--that's 1800 in first year
From GEnie's BBS on ADA:
I've heard that about 8% of the workforce has a disability, but that
unemployment rate for people with disabilities who want to work is very,
A qualified person with a disability has a 1 out of 100 chance of getting
job when compared to people with similar qualifications.
Note that only a minority of people with disabilities would actually
for SSI or SSDI (disability income) since "total disability"
or inability to
work is a requirement to qualify for such income.
Chance of a black woman with a disability being unemployed is over 90%.
The above stats were posted originally on ADA-LAW.
From: RMAURO@DELPHI.COM (Robert Mauro)