CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information
Disability Statistics

Disability Statistics

43 million are disabled, about 17% of 250 million; almost 1 out of 5 persons
are disabled given these figures. [Congressional Committee findings for ADA].
Other sources show higher figures. Largest minority group
One third of disabled Americans are 65 or older. Out of 45 million, that
means 15 million of them are seniors. [No Pity, Joe Shapiro, 1992].
About 32 million are over 65, which is 13 per cent. In 25 years 17 percent
will be older than 65. There are hundreds of different kinds of
disabilities--some are congenital, but most come later in life. Fewer than
15 percent were born with their disability. [No Pity].

Hearing Impaired (from SHHH and Hearing Journal)
24 million people with hearing impairments:

--1 out of every 11 persons nationally
--1 out of 7 hearing impaired will not seek help
--it takes an average of 7 years for someone with a hearing impairment to
seek help
--about 3 to 4 million have hearing aids: 12 to 17% of the hearing impaired
--1 out 10 hrg imp persons have aids
--1 million don't use the aids they have
--17 million have no hearing assistance of any kind
--14 million w/ unilateral loss
--about 40% of people above age of 65 has a hearing loss
--this is almost 1 out of 2 persons--some audiologists think this is low
--but only 6 per cent of seniors feel they have a hearing problem
--only half those under age 65 feel their loss is a problem
--2 million deaf
--1 out of 125 persons

HARC Mercantile statistics:
(mail order vendor of implements for hearing impaired)
--78 million disabled
--1 out of 3 persons
--same number of women are sexually abused by age 18
(various therapists)
--28 million hearing impaired
--1 out of 9

Jonathan's 40% Rule:
Hearing Impairment is like alcohol and drug abuse--there's tremendous denial,

the problem is more rampant than people realize, and accommodation to a
person's hearing loss must occur every time s/he interacts with another human
being. This requires extra effort by both parties attempting to com municate.
Hearing loss affects more than just the people who are hearing impaired. It
affects their families, their friends, and their co-workers. Every person,
as well as hearing impaired persons, has at least three other important
people in their life: perhaps a spouse at home, a friend out of the house,
and a co-worker. Therefore, about 100 million people across the nation, which
is forty percent of the nation, are affected by hearing loss. That's more
than one out of every three people. Among the disabled population, the kind
of disability that see the most psychological problems are those with hearing
loss. [various therapists and psych journals].

From Hearing Instruments Magazine:
Only 10 to 30% of hearing instruments fit today have a telecoil.
More than 70% of hearing instruments (not including canal aids!) are
manufactured WITHOUT telecoils!

* 90% of deaf babies are born to hearing parents
* Generally, we all lose a decibel of hearing acuity per year past the age
of 35

I don't remember where I got the following:

120,000 totally blind
1 out of 2 thousand persons
600,000 legally blind
1 out of 417 persons
2.4 million visually disabled
1 out of 100 persons
The blind can receive nearly 70 per cent more than other disabled persons in
both SSI payments and exclusions from taxes. They're allowed to amass more
income than any other group of disabled people before they start to lose
benefits. They have a federal law giving them a monopoly on vending
businesses in public buildings.

Wheelchair Users
1 million wheelchair users
1 out of 250 persons
10,000 people every year are spinal cord injured
82% of spinal cord injuries are male
307,000 under age 44 use wheelchairs--[US Dept of Health]

Disability Rag
The 22 independent living centers in Cal get about $5.4 million a year. This
is $1 for every $235 going to DR for non-institutionalized MR Californians.
Who lobbies for the physically disabled? The physically disabled themselves.
Or, rather, a hard of hearing attorney who provides that service part-time.
Every year the state cuts SSI/SSP. Two years ago the cut was 5.8%. Last year
the cuts was 2.7%. These are people who will never work even though the ADA
was passed for them. When the cuts occur, recipients are thrown off Medicaid
and Medi-Cal. When the cuts occur, people who cannot afford to live
independently go back into the institution, where their care is minimal.
Average life span of a quad in an institution--18 months
Average life span of a quad living independently--15 years.
Developmentally Disabled
6 million mentally retarded, 2 million in institutions
From Disability Rag
Cal's Regnl Ctrs for Dev Disabs, designed to serve the needs of
non-institutionalized mentally retarded Californians, receive nearly 3/4 of
a billion dollars in state money ANNUALLY.
This is three and half times as much as the $218 million in mostly federal
money going to all other non-institutionalized disabled people through Cal's
Dept of Rehab (which, even then, allocates another $18 million to the
mentally retarded. Not counting SSI, Section 8 housing and Medicaid, the
non-institutionalized mentally retarded receive nearly 80% of all disability
support services dollars. The Dept of Rehab increased their funding of MR 70
per cent in four years. The MR are a fifth of all DR's clients--yet they
receive a third of all DR's funds. Agencies receiving these funds run
sheltered workshops where they pay their MR workers an average of 84 cents
an hour. They also give "supported employment"--here, MR workers earn an
average of $2.36 an hour with the help of a full-time job coach, for whom the
agency charges the government $20 an hour. Who lobbies for the MR? The
parents of MR kids. Special Olympics is a propaganda machine, presented to
able-bodied people as eternally happy and grateful children they never had.
Parents of MR children have worked hard to create community homes away from
their homes to house their offspring. There is a need for unquestioning,
non-unionized, low paid services workers in the Bush-Reagan economy under
which we still suffer. The work programs for MR people is a way of
underwriting cheap floor sweepers and toilet cleaners.

From Job Accommodation Network

An analysis of more than 10,000 disabled employees showed that 31% of their
hirings required no added cost for special training or facilities. 50% were
under $50 and 69% cost less than $500. Only 1% cost over $5,000. Studies show
that building a new facility that is accessible adds only 1/2 of 1% to the
building's cost.

Buying buses with lifts adds only 5% to the cost.

EEOC projects productivity gains of $164 million from ADA and $222 million
net benefit from decreased support payments coupled with increased revenue:
transforms tax-users into taxpayers

Louis Harris Poll of 1986--latest one just released is worse
13.4 million in 1988 between 16 and 64 not working because of a disability,
left a job, or were limited in the kind or amount of work they could do 1 out
of 19 persons According to the Harris Survey of 1986, two thirds of all
disabled Americans between the age of 16 and 64 are not working, which is the
smallest working proportion of any demographic group.
5 million working age people receive governmental disability income

Partial List of varieties of illnesses and disorders covered by ADA:
lung disease
heart disease
muscular dystrophy
multiple sclerosis
cerebral palsy
mental or emotional illness (uncharted waters, according to Lotito)
manic depression
controlled diabetes
HIV carriers
former drug users and alcoholics

ADA excludes:
homosexuality (Jesse Helms' idea--such a brilliant man)

Congressional Committee findings during ADA testimony
disabled are poorest, least educated and largest minority
two-thirds of PWD's of working age are not working, Louis Harris poll
this includes all other demographic groups, including African-Americans
PWD's maintain above average work attendance and productivity
employer fears concerning expensive insurance premiums are unfounded as well
as expensive modifications to worksite Lou Harris poll finds that 3/4 of biz
mgrs. feel that PWD's "often encounter job discrimination from employers"
PWD's with mobility imprmts cannot get transportation to their job
2/3 of those not working want to work Staggering unemployment rate does not
stem from the lack of desire to work. Studies show that PWD's perform as well
or better than their co-workers ADA committee reports find that 8.2 million
PWD's want to work Over 20 percent of PWD's of working age live in poverty.
PWD's have more than twice as high a poverty rate as other Americans
About 1/2 of PWD's live in households with $15 grand or less--double the
proportion of people without disabilities Only 12 percent live in families
with incomes higher than $35,000 less than half the 27 per cent rate for
other Americans In 1988 avg. yearly earnings of MWD's 36% less than other men
Avg. yearly earnings of WWD's 38% less than other women
Almost 2/3 of PWD's did not go to a movie in last year; 3/4 did not see live
music performance; 2/3 no sport event; 17% never eat in restaurants; 13%
never shop in grocery stores 40% of PWD's did not finish hi skool
36% of PWD's dependent on government support. Another 25% get no support from
government yet do not work 60% of govt. support receivers are primary wage
earners in family Support programs cost US $60 billion annually at federal
level 93 to 95% of fed govt. for PWD's were for income support and
maintenance PWD's subject to widespread and severe discrimination; extremely
disadvantaged; tremendous economic cost.

Spinal Cord Injury stats--
82 % are men, between 16-30 years of age; avg age is 30; most frequent is

Stats for head injury indicate a similar profile
56,000 new incidents of traumatic head injury due to accidents in Cal each

1100 new incidents of SCI each year; 5,000 deaths
Motor vehicle accidents cause most; 48%; 21% due to falls; violence is 14%

[Head Injury Foundation]

Congressional Research Service: (notice the disparity)
Visual 4.3 mill
Hrg Impmt 10.4 mill
Deform/ Orthopedic 12.8 mill
Absence of Extremities 1 mill
Speech impair 1.1 mill
Paralysis (complete or partial) .4 mill
other impairments 3.7 mill
2 or more imprmts 9.9 mill
43.6 mill

President's Committee on Employment of People w/ disabs
hard of hrg or deaf 18.4 mill
visually imprd 8.2 mill
use spcl aids for mobility 6.5 mill
33 mill

National Center for Health Statistics:
the following appeared in an article in the SF Chronicle on the eve of the
ADA's enactment. The HI figures must refer to the deaf, no?
Wheelchair users 1.07 mill
visually impaired 1.4 mill
hearing impaired 813,000 (!)

More NCHS:
alcoholics 10.5 mill
1 out of 25

--43 per cent of all adults over 18 have been exposed to alcoholism
--18.8% have lived with an alcoholic or problem drinker sometime during their
--37.9% have a blood relative who is alcoholic
--42.8% have lived with, were related to or married an alkie

Back Problems
Back pain is felt by more than 80% of Americans at some point in their life
More than 90% of the people who have back trouble get well on their own using
nothing more than bed rest and aspirin.
Back injuries cost $126 billion a year in medical costs and lost
productivity. The average back injury claim costs employers $18,365.
85 percent of backs involve lower back. 46,000 disabling back injuries a
year. 2nd leading cause of absenteeism, 100 million lost days of work
Surgery can cost more than $55,000.

Census Bureau, 1985-1986
More than one out of every five Americans aged 15 and over have some type of
disability, with women having a higher disability rate than men, according
to a US Census Bureau study. Difficulty walking was the most common problem
reported, followed by lifting problems. [probably back problems. Ed.]

The following were some of the finding of "Disability, Functional Limitation
and Health Insurance Coverage: 1985-86." The Census Bureau gathered
information from 26,000 households to examine Americans' income and
participation in government programs.

* 37,304,000 Americans aged 15 and over, 20.6 percent of all people in that
age group [1 out of five, as noted above], have difficulty performing one or
more basic physical activities.
* About 13.5 million people, 7.5 per cent, [1 out of 20], have a severe
disability--defined as unable to perform activities such as walking, lifting,
hearing, or reading, or only with the help of another person. Ths percentage
is based on the number of people with at least one disability, although many
have multiple disabilities.
* 14.1 percent of people between the ages of 16 and 64, and 58.5 per cent of
people over 65 have disabilities.
* Women have a higher overall rate of disabilities (23.2 percent) than do men
(17.7 [percent), mainly because woman outnumber men in the elderly age
* The overall rate of disability is 20.2 percent for whites, 24.9 percent for
blacks, and 19.2 percent for Hispanic people.
* Of people who are 16-64, about 18.2 million (12 percent) have a disability
that affects their work. Of these people, 8 million were prevented from
working by their disability.
* 19.2 million people have a problem walking a quarter-mile and 7.89 million
cannot make the walk. Nearly 40 percent of people who are 65 and over and
only 6 percent between 16 and 64 would find the walk taxing.
* 65 to 75 percent of us will become disabled simply by living to our full

life expectancy.

* Out of 36 million disabled Americans, 15 million are of working age. Only
5 million have jobs and of the 10 million who don't, 60 percent of them have
been on disability unemployment for so long that the US Dept. of Labor
doesn't include them on the ranks of the unemployed.
* One of every 12 federal dollars goes to either a disabled person or to a
disability program.
* For every dollar spent to rehabilitate disabled persons for employment, 10
or more dollars are returned into our economy.
* There are an estimated 43 million individuals with disabilities in this
country. Disability touches nearly one out of every 2 adult Americans.
* In 1981, under the age of 17, 10,300,052 cases of asthma and allergies were
reported in the US.
* The incident of cystic fibrosis in newborns is one in 2,000 births. It is
also estimated (1981) are the latest figures) that between 20,000 and 23,000
children in the US have cystic fibrosis.
* 1 to 2 percent of the population has some kind of seizure disorder.
* 36 million people have arthritis in the United States. 250,000 them are
children and adolescents who have juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
* 80,152 cases of diabetes under the age of 17 were reported in 1981 in the
* 1 in every 600 children in the US has diabetes.
* Nationwide, approximately 700,000 children and adults have cerebral palsy.
* 10 pounds of fat on stomach exerts 50 pounds of pressure on the spine.
* Spina bifida is a birth defect condition that occurs in 1.5 out of 1,000
births nationwide.
* 50,000 new cases of head injury occur each year. Of those 50,000
individuals a year who survive a head injury, most are under the age of 30.

From article in SR PD or SF Chron:
* 25,000 Americans have Huntington's disease and about 125,000 are at risk
of getting it. Symptoms usually appear between ages 30 and 50. Kids of people
with disease have 50% chance of inheriting the gene.

Joseph Shapiro, author
No Pity: People with Disabilities Forging a New Civil Rights Movement
* People with disabilities rank among the uninsured at a rate slightly higher
than the 14 per cent national rate. Medicare and Medicaid insure only about
1/3 of disabled people and [private insurance often rejects those with
disabilities and pre-existing conditions.

Mitchell La Plante
* 14 per cent of the people with disabilities incur about 41 per cent of the
nation's total medical costs.

From the Mouth, an excellent disability bi-monthly
83,000 people with CP locked into institutions
100,000 people die every year of decubiti ulcers--bedsores. Most live in
nursing homes. Disabled, you are 25 times more likely to spend a piece of
your life in a nursing home.
In a long-term study of quads, they lived for an average of 15 years when
independent. When at a nursing home--18 months on average.
97% of all disabled women ever earn over $10,000 a year
and that is not a shot in the dark but hard data from US Dept of Labor. [from
an online service]

Deepak Chopra?
Every minutes nearly 300 million cells in your body die. They're replaced
immediately by the division of living cells.

ABC: $2000 to caption a show
EEOC estimates 12,000 complaints in the first year
cost to employer: $2000
$24 million in first year
As of this month, 450 complaints filed--150/month
--that's 1800 in first year

From GEnie's BBS on ADA:
I've heard that about 8% of the workforce has a disability, but that the
unemployment rate for people with disabilities who want to work is very,
very high.
A qualified person with a disability has a 1 out of 100 chance of getting a
job when compared to people with similar qualifications.
Note that only a minority of people with disabilities would actually qualify
for SSI or SSDI (disability income) since "total disability" or inability to
work is a requirement to qualify for such income.
Chance of a black woman with a disability being unemployed is over 90%.

The above stats were posted originally on ADA-LAW.
From: RMAURO@DELPHI.COM (Robert Mauro)