CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information

Rights of People with Disabilities:

		      RIGHTS OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

			      TABLE OF CONTENTS

[ed note: the reference cited below  corresponded to page numbers in the
original text. Because page numbers lack significance in the gopher, 
reference numbers have been inserted in the text. These appear as one
or more numbers within two dashes. 		jl]


								
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TABLE OF CONTENTS................................................	 i

INTRODUCTION.....................................................	    1

CHAPTER I -- WHO HAS A DISABILITY? ................................	 3
 Contagious Diseases ............................................	 3
 Alcohol and Drug Abuse ......................................... 	 4
 Specific Language............................................... 	 4

CHAPTER II -- SIGNIFICANT LAWS AFFECTING PEOPLE WITH
 DISABILITIES.................................................... 	 6
 Federal
   Americans with Disabilities Act .............................. 	 6
   Rehabilitation Act of 1973.................................... 	 6
   Fair Housing Act.............................................. 	 7
   Education of the Handicapped Act.............................. 	 7
 New York State
   Human Rights Law..............................................  	 7
   Civil Rights Law..............................................  	 8
 New York City
   Human Rights Law..............................................  	 8

CHAPTER III -- WHAT RIGHTS DO THESE LAWS RECOGNIZE? ...............  	 9

A. EMPLOYMENT...................................................  	 9
 Equal Opportunity..................................,........... 	 9
   Qualified Person with a Disability........................... 	10
     Reasonable Accommodation ..................................	10
     Defining Disability in Employment.......................... 	13
       Job-specific Limitations ................................ 	13
       Present Impairment Versus Future Risk....................  	13
     Internal Section 504 Coordination ......................... 	15
 Affirmative Action ............................................ 	15
 Employment Inquiries........................................... 	16

B. HOUSING ..................................................... 	17
 Prohibiting Discriminatory Housing Practices...................	18
   Finding Housing .............................................	19
   Fear of Damage or Danger.....................................	20
   Limitations of SeNice .......................................	20
   Reasonable Accommodation in Rules ...........................	21
   Architectural Accommodations.................................	21

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 Construction Requirements......................................	22 
   Accessibility and Adaptability ..............................	23 
   Alterations, Additions and Repairs...........................	24 
C. PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS........................................	26
 Places of Public Accommodation.................................	26
   Guide, Hearing and Service Dogs..............................	27
   Air Carriers ................................................	28
   Schools and Other Educational Facilities ....................	28
   Hospitals....................................................	29 
 Architectural Requirements.....................................	29
 Program Accessibility..........................................	31
D. EDUCATION ...................................................	31
 Ages 5 Through 21..............................................	32
   Referral and Evaluation .....................................	32 
   Committee on Special Education...............................	33 
   Classification...............................................	33 
     Learning Disabilities .....................................	33 
     Emotional Disturbances ....................................	34 
   Individualized Education Plan ...............................	34 
     Phase 1....................................................	35 
     Phase ll...................................................	36 
     Revised IEPs...............................................	36 
   Special Education Principles ................................	36 
     Appropriate Education......................................	36 
     Least Restrictive Environment..............................	37 
   Related Services.............................................	37 
   Placement....................................................	38 
     Psychotropic Drugs.........................................	39 
     Timeliness of Placement....................................	39 
   Transition to Adult Services ................................	40 
   Due Process..................................................	41 
     Status Quo Placement ......................................	41 
     Impartial Hearings.........................................	42 
     Appeal to the Commissioner.................................	42 
     Complaints in Federal and State Court......................	43 
     Remedies...................................................	43 
 Infants, Toddlers and Preschool Children ......................	43
   Preschool Children ..........................................	43 
     Eligibility................................................	44 
     Referral and Evaluation....................................	44 
     Placement..................................................	45 
     Due Process ...............................................	47 
   Infants and Toddlers.........................................	47 
     Family Court ....; ........................................	47




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   Title I .....................................................	48
 Higher Education ..............................................	49
   Admission ...................................................	49
   Equal Treatment..............................................	50
   Academic Adjustments & Other Reasonable Accommodations.......	50
 Physical Access ...............................................	51
 Housing .......................................................	51
 Education As a Public Accommodation............................	52

CHAPTER IV -- HOW ARE THESE RIGHTS ENFORCED? .....................	53
 A. Federal Rehabilitation Act..................................	53
    1. Section 503..............................................	53
    2. Section 504..............................................	54
 B. Federal Fair Housing Act....................................	55
 C. Federal Education of the Handicapped Act....................	55
 D. New York State Human Rights Law ............................	56
 E. New York State Civil Rights Law ............................	56
 F. New York City Human Rights Law..............................	57
 G. Arbitration and Alternative Dispute Resolution .............	57
 H. Which Forum Should You Choose?..............................	57
 I. Attorneys and Attorney's Fees...............................	57
    Finding an Attorney ........................................	58
    Attorney's Fees.............................................	58

CONCLUSION......................................................	60

APPENDICES......................................................	61
 1. The Americans with Disabilities Act......................... 61
 2. Additional Resources........................................ 70

COMMITTEE.......................................................	77

INDEX...........................................................	78

TABLE OF CASES..................................................	87

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