CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information

Rights and Responsibilities of Persons with Disabilities

				 FOOTNOTES


     The various Federal agencies have issued separate regulations
implementing Section 504.  Many definitions and requirements are repeated in
each set of regulations, but some terms are defined differently.  Due to the
nature of the activities conducted by the specific agencies there are some
unique requirements.  In the body of this manual are the most generally
accepted or most recent provisions.  The footnotes indicate more
specifically the individual agencies' requirements.  However, even here,
we have not noted the regulations of each agency with respect to each
subject.  To facilitate finding regulations not cited specifically, a list
of major agencies and the locations of their pertinent regulations follows:

Directory of Agencies: 

ACTION (ACTION) ........................  45 C.F.R.Part 1232
Department of Agriculture (USDA) .......   7 C.F.R. Part 15b 
Department of Commerce (DOCom) .........  15 C.F.R. Part  8b
Department of Defense (DOD) ............  32 C.F.R. Part  56
Department of Education (DOEd) .........  34 C.F.R. Part 104
Department of Energy (DOEn) ............  10 C.F.R. Part1040
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)     40 C.F.R. Part   7
General Services Administration (GSA)     41 C.F.R.Part101-8
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) ..............
......................................... 45 C.F.R. Part  84
Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) ..........
......................................... 24 C.F.R. Part   8 
Department of the Interior (DOI) ........ 43 C.F.R. Part  17
Department of Justice 
     Federal government-wide coordinating regulations (DOJ 
     coordinating regulations) .........  28 C.F.R. Part  41
     Regulations for agencies receiving funding from that 
     agency (DOJ) .....................   28 C.F.R. Part  42
Department of Labor (DOL)                 29 C.F.R. Part  32
Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) 
...................................... 41 C.F.R. Part 60-741
National Endowment for the Arts (NEA)..   45 C.F.R.Part 1151 
Department of State (DOS) .............   22 C.F.R. Part 142
Department of Transportation (DOT) ....   49 C.F.R. Part  27
Veterans Administration (VA) ..........   38 C.F.R. Part  18


1. Executive Order No. 17, September 7, 1990; see Mayoral 
   Memorandum, May 29, 1978; Mayoral Memorandum, November 
   26, 1984.

2. 42 U.S.C. Sec. 12101 et seq. (P.L. 101-336).

3. 29 U.S.C. Sec. 793.

4. 29 U.S.C. Sec. 794. 

5. 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.4. 

6. New York City Administrative Code Art. 8; New York State 
   Executive Law Sec. 290 et seq.; New York State Civil 
   Rights Law Art. 4-B.  Significant legislative proposals 
   to strengthen the City Human Rights Law have been 
   introduced by both the City Administration and the 
   leadership of the City Council.  It is likely that such 
   legislation will be enacted by some time in 1991, 
   providing even greater protections for people with 
   disabilities than exist in the current City law.
 
7. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.1. 

8. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.3(a)(1).

9. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.3(a)(2).

10. 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.3(a)(4).

11. 41 C.F.R. Secs. 60-741.4 through .6.

12. 29 U.S.C. Sec. 794, as amended by the Civil Rights 
    Restoration Act of 1987, passed over Pres. Reagan's 
    veto, reversing the Supreme Court's 1984 decision in 
    Grove City College v. Bell, 465 U.S. 555.  Some regula-
    tions written before passage of the Civil Rights 
    Restoration Act required compliance only by that part of 
    an entity (including governmental and educational enti-
    ties) which received Federal funds and have not yet been 
    revised to conform to the Civil Rights Restoration Act.  
    To be sure that Federal agency regulations covering your 
    agency are consistent with current law, compare them 
    with the scope of coverage discussed in the text.  HUD's 
    regulations were the first issued to comply with the 
    Civil Rights Restoration Act and are cited by DOJ as an 
    example for other agencies. 

13. 29 U.S.C. Sec. 794(b); 1988 U.S. Code Cong. and Admin. 
    News, p.3.

14. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.3(f); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 8b.3(e); (DOD)  32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.3(b); (DOEd) 34 
    C.F.R. Sec. 104.3(h); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.3(o); 
    (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.25; (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.3(h); 
    (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.3 - The definition further states 
    that such assistance "includes community development 
    funds in the forms of proceeds from loans guaranteed 
    under Section 108 of the Housing and Community Develop-
    ment Act of 1974, as amended, but does not include 
    assistance made available through direct Federal 
    procurement contracts or payments made under these 
    contracts or any other contract of insurance or 
    guaranty"; (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 17.202(h); (DOJ 
    coordinating regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.3(f); (DOJ) 
    28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.540(f); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.3; 
    (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1151.3(f); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 
    142.3(h); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.5; (USDA) 7 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 15b.3(g); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 18.403(h).

15. See (DOJ coordinating regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 
    41.51(b)(1)(v).

16. City Admin. Code Secs. 8-107, 8-108; State Exec. Law 
    Sec. 296; see (DOJ coordinating regulations) 28 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 41.52.

17. State Civil Rights Law Sec. 47-a.

18. (DOJ coordinating regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.52; 
    (ACTION)  45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.9; (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 
    8b.11(a); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.8(b); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 104.11(a)(1); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.66(a); 
    (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.60(a); (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 
    101-8.305(a); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.11(a); (HUD) 24 
    C.F.R. Sec. 8.10(a); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 17.210(a); 
    (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.510(a); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 
    32.12(a); (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1151.31(a); (DOS) 22 
    C.F.R. Sec. 142.4(a); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.31(a); 
    (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.12; (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 
    18.411(a)(1).

19. (DOJ coordinating regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.52.

20. City Human Rights Law, Admin. Code Sec. 8-102.16(e); 
    State Human Rights Law, Exec. Law Sec. 292.21;  Federal 
    Rehabilitation Act, Sec. 504; (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1232.3(j); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 8b.3(h); (DOD) 32 
    C.F.R. Sec. 56.3(f); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.3(k); 
    (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.62(e); (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 
    7.25; (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 101-8.3(d)(1); (HHS) 45 
    C.F.R. Sec. 84.3(k); (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.3; (DOI) 43 
    C.F.R. Sec. 17.202(k); (DOJ coordinating regulations) 28 
    C.F.R. Sec. 41.32; (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.540(l)(1); 
    (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.3 - also covers employment 
    related training programs; (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1151.12(a); (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.2 - Sec. 503 
    covers an individual with disabilities who is capable of 
    performing a particular job with reasonable accommoda-
    tion to his or her disability; (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 
    142.3(k); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.5 - The definition 
    states: "A handicapped person who, with reasonable 
    accommodation and within normal safety requirements, can 
    perform the essential functions of the job"; (USDA) 7 
    C.F.R. Sec. 15b.3(n)(1); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 
    18.403(k)(1).

21. City Human Rights Law, Admin. Code Sec. 8-102.16; State 
    Human Rights Law, Exec. Law Sec. 292.21; (ACTION) 45 
    C.F.R. Sec. 1232.3(h)(1); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 
    8b.3(f); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.3(c); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 104.3(j); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.62(c); (EPA) 
    40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.25; (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 101-8.301(b); 
    (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.3(j); (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.3; 
    (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 17.202(j); (DOJ coordinating 
    regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.31(a); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 42.540(k)(1); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.3; (OFCCP) 41 
    C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.2; (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1151.11(a); 
    (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.3(j); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 
    27.5; (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.3(i); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 
    18.403(j)(1).

22. City Human Rights Law, Admin. Code Sec. 8-102.16; State 
    Human Rights Law, Exec. Law Sec. 292.21; (ACTION) 45 
    C.F.R. Sec. 1232.3(i); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 8b.3 
    (g)(3)(i); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.3(c)(1); (DOEd) 34 
    C.F.R. Sec. 104.4(j)(2); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 
    040.62(d); (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.25; (GSA) 41 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 101-8.301(c)(1); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. 84.4(j)(2); (HUD) 
    24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.3; (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 17.202(j)(2); 
    (DOJ coordinating regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 
    41.31(b)(1); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.540(k)(2); (DOL) 29 
    C.F.R. Sec. 32.3; (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1151.11(b); (DOS) 
    22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.3(j)(2); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.5; 
    (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.3(j); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 
    18.403(j)(2).

23. 29 U.S.C. Sec. 706(8)(B) - applies to Secs. 503 and 
    504; City Human Rights Law, Admin. Code Sec. 8-102.16; 
    State Human Rights Law, Exec. Law Sec. 292.21.

24. See 29 U.S.C. Sec. 706(8)(C); School Board of Nassau 
    County v. Arline, 480 U.S. 273 (1987).

25. City Human Rights Law, Admin. Code Sec. 8-102.16; State 
    Human Rights Law, Exec. Law Sec. 292.21.

26. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Secs. 1232.10(a), (b); (DOCom) 15 
    C.F.R. Secs. 8b.12(a), (b); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Secs. 56, 
    8(b)(4), (d); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Secs. 104.12(a), (b); 
    (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Secs. 1040.67(a), (b); (EPA) 40 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 7.60(e); (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Secs. 101-8.306(a), (b); 
    (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.12; (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Secs. 
    8.11(a), (b); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Secs. 17.211(a), (b); (DOJ 
    coordinating regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.53; (DOJ) 28 
    C.F.R. Secs. 42.511(a), (b); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 
    32.13(a); (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Secs. 1151.32(a), (b); (DOS) 
    22 C.F.R. Secs. 142.12(a), (b); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Secs. 
    27.33(a), (b); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Secs. 15b.13(a), (b); 
    (VA) 38 C.F.R. Secs. 18.412(a), (b); City Human Rights 
    Law, Admin. Code Sec. 8-102.16(e); State Human Rights 
    Law, Exec. Law Sec. 292.21.

27. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.10(c); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 8b.12(c); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.8(d)(3); (DOEd) 
    34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.12(c); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1040.67(c); (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.60(e); (GSA) 41 
    C.F.R. Sec. 101-8.306(c); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.12(c); 
    (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.11(c); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 
    17.211(c); (DOJ coordinating regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 
    41.53; (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.511(c); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 32.13(b); (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1151.32(c); (OFCCP) 
    41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.6(d); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 
    142.12(c); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.33(c) - safety is 
    listed as a fourth factor for determining undue 
    hardship; (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.13(c); (VA) 38 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 18.412(c).

28. (HHS) Appendix A, 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.12(c); see also 45 
    C.R.R. Part 80; 34 C.F.R. Part 104.

29. Nelson v. Thornburgh, 567 F. Supp. 369 (E.D. Pa. 1983), 
    aff'd, 732 F.2d 147 (3d Cir. 1984), cert. den. 469 U.S. 
    1188 (1985).

30. Ackerman v. Western Electric Co., 643 F. Supp. 836, 851 
    (N.D. Cal. 1986).

31. Treadwell v. Alexander, 707 F.2d 473 (11th Cir. 1983).

32. See Southeastern Community College v. Davis, 442 U.S. 
    397 (1979).

33. State Civil Rights Law, Art. 4-B; State Human Rights 
    Law, Exec. Law Sec. 296.14.

34. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.6.

35. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.4.  

36. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Secs. 60-741.4 through .6.

37. 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.5(a); see (DOJ coordinating 
    regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.52.

38. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.6(g).

39. Sec. 504; (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.5(a); (NEA) 45 
    C.F.R. Sec. 1151.43.


     The following agencies limit the requirement to em-
     ployers of 15 or more:  (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 
     8b.7(a); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.7(a); (EPA) 40 
     C.F.R. Sec. 7.85(g); (HHS) 45 C.F.R Sec. 84.7(a); (HUD) 
     24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.53; (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 17.206(a); 
     (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.7; (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 
     142.7(a); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.13(a); (USDA) 7 
     C.F.R. Sec. 15b.6(a); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 18.407(a). 

     DOJ imposes the requirement where a recipient is an 
     employer of 50 or more and receives a minimum of 
     $25,000 in assistance from DOJ.  28 C.F.R. Sec. 
     42.505(d).

40. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.6(g).

41. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.5(d).

42. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.6(f).

43. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.6; (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 
    56.9(d); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.6(a); (EPA) 40 
    C.F.R. Sec. 7.95; (DOJ coordinating regulations) 28 
    C.F.R. Sec. 41.5(b)(1) - requires agencies to include 
    notification as part of enforcement system; (DOS) 22 
    C.F.R. Sec. 142.8; (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.15(a); (USDA) 
    7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.7(a).

     The following agencies require such notice for recipi-
     ents with 15 or more employees:  (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 
     8b.8; (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec 104.8(a); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. 
     Sec. 84.8(a); (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.54; (DOI) 43 
     C.F.R. Sec. 17.207; (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.8; (VA) 38 
     C.F.R. Sec. 18.408.

     DOJ applies the requirement to employers of at least 50 
     employees that receive $25,000 or more in funding from 
     DOJ.  28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.505(f).

44. City Human Rights Law Secs. 8-107.1(d), 8-108; State 
    Human Rights Law Sec. 296.

45. Rulings by New York State Division of Human Rights, 
    F.E.P. Manual vol. 8B, 455:3151, 3152 (BNA) (ruling on 
    Exec. Law Sec. 292.6); (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1232.12(a); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 8b.14(a); (DOD) 32 
    C.F.R. Sec. 56.8(b)(6); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.14(a); 
    (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.69(a); (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 
    7.60(g); (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 101-8.308(a); (HHS) 45 
    C.F.R. Sec. 84.14(a); (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.13(a); 
    (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 17.213(a); (DOJ coordinating 
    regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.55; (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 
    42.513(a); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.15(a); (NEA) 45 
    C.F.R. Sec. 1151.34; (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.14(a); 
    (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.37(a); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 
    15b.15(a); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 18.414(a).

46. F.E.P. Manual vol. 8B, 455:3151, 3152 (BNA) (ruling on 
    Exec. Law Sec. 292.6).  See Nemhauser v. NYU Pension and 
    Welfare Plan, Decision and Order, Complaint No. EM00377-
    7/27/88, New York City Commission on Human Rights, 
    February 22, 1990, at p. 26 of Administrative Law 
    Judge's Recommended Decision and Order dated November 
    21, 1989 ("This tribunal finds no exception in the [New 
    York City Administrative] Code [City Human Rights Law] 
    for permitting discrimination on the basis of the 
    possibility of future illness.")  See also F.E.P. Manual 
    vol. 8B, 455:3171-73 (BNA) (New York: Guide to Job 
    Interviewing) (discussing the different phases of the 
    interviewing process).

47. City Admin. Code Secs. 8-107(1)(d), 8-108; State Exec. 
    Law Sec. 296(1)(d); (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.11; 
    (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.8(b)(5); (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 
    7.60(f); (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.12(a); (DOJ coordinating 
    regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.54; (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 60-741.6(c). 

48. (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 8b.13(a)(1); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 104.13(a); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.68(a); (GSA) 
    41 C.F.R. Sec. 101-8.307(a); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 
    84.13(a)(1); (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.12(a)(1); (DOI) 43 
    C.F.R. Sec. 17.212(a)(1); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 
    42.512(a)(1); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.14 - requires 
    criteria to be consistent with business necessity and 
    safe job performance; (NEA) 45 C.F.R. 1151.33(a)(1); 
    (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.13(a)(1); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 
    27.35(a)(1); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.14(a)(1);  (VA) 38 
    C.F.R. Sec. 18.413(a)(1).

49. (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 8b.13(a)(2); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 104.13(a)(2); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.13(a)(2); 
    (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.12(a)(2); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 
    17.212(a)(2); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.512(a)(2); (NEA) 
    45 C.F.R. Sec. 1151.33(a)(2); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 
    142.13(a)(2); (DOT) C.F.R. Sec. 27.35(a)(2); (USDA) 7 
    C.F.R Sec. 15b.14(a)(2); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 
    18.413(a)(2).
   
50. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.6(c).   

51. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.11; (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 
    8b.13(b); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.8(b)(5); (DOEd) 34 
    C.F.R. Sec. 104.13(b); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.68(b); 
    (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.60(f); (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 
    101-8.307(b); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.13(b); (HUD) 24 
    C.F.R. Sec. 8.12(b); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 17.212(b); 
    (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.13(b); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 
    27.35(b); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.14(b); (VA) 38 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 18.413(b). 

52. (DOJ coordinating regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.54; 
    State Civil Service Law Sec. 55; State Education Law 
    Sec. 3004.

53. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.12(c) - applies to 
    volunteers also; (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 8b.14; (DOD) 32 
    C.F.R. Sec. 56.8(b)(8); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.14(c); 
    (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.69(c); (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 
    7.60(g) - this section cites DOJ regulations; (GSA) 41 
    C.F.R. Sec. 101-8.308(c); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.14(c); 
    (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.13(c); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 
    17.213(c); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.513(c); (NEA) 45 
    C.F.R. Sec. 1151.34(b); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.14(c); 
    (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.37(c); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 
    15b.15(c); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 18.414(c).

     DOL - In addition to the requirements common to the 
     other Federal agencies, 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.15(c) 
     provides that:

     (1) The medical examination shall be performed by a 
     physician qualified to make functional assessments of 
     individuals in a form which will express residual 
     capacity for work or training.  Such an assessment does 
     not require clinical determinations of disease or 
     disability, but shall provide selecting or referring 
     officials sufficient information regarding any 
     functional limitations relevant to proper job placement 
     or referral to appropriate training programs.  Factors 
     which may be assessed may include, for example, use of 
     limbs and extremities, mobility and posture, endurance 
     and energy expenditure, ability to withstand various 
     working conditions and environments, use of senses and 
     mental capacity;

     (2) The results of the medical examination shall be 
     specific and objective so as to be susceptible to 
     review by independent medical evaluators and shall be 
     transmitted to the applicant or employee at the same 
     time as the employing official;

     (3) The results of the medical examination shall not be 
     used to screen out qualified applicants and employees 
     but to determine proper placement and reasonable 
     accommodation.  The employing official using physical 
     or mental information obtained pursuant to this section 
     should be familiar with physical or mental activities 
     involved in performing the job, and the working 
     conditions and environment in which it is carried out.  
     If the applicant is being considered for a variety of 
     jobs having different requirements or skills, the 
     employing official should make a functional assessment 
     of the physical or mental demands of the jobs in order 
     to match the applicant with the most suitable vacancy.

54. Information from medical exam confidential: (ACTION) 45 
    C.F.R. Sec. 1232.12(d); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 8b.14(d); 
    (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.8(b)(9); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 
    104.14(d); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.69(d); (GSA) 41 
    C.F.R. Sec. 101-8.308(d); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.14(d); 
    (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.13(d); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 
    17.213(d); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.513(d); (DOL) 29 
    C.F.R. Sec. 32.15(d); (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1151.34(c); 
    (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.14(d); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 
    27.37(d); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.15(d); (VA) 38 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 18.414(d).
     
55. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.12(d)(1); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 8b.14(d)(2); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.8(b)(9)(i); 
    (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.14(d)(1); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 1040.69(d)(1); (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 
    101-8.308(d)(1); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.14(d)(1); 
    (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.13(d)(1); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 
    17.213(d)(1); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.513(d)(1); (DOL) 
    29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.15(d)(2);  (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1151.34(c)(1); (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.6(c)(3)(i); 
    (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.14(d)(1); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 
    27.37(d)(1); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.15(d)(1); (VA) 38 
    C.F.R. Sec. 18.414(d)(1).

56. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.12(d)(2); (DOCom) 15 
    C.F.R. Sec. 8b.14(d)(3); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 
    56.8(b)(9)(ii); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. 104.14(d)(2); (DOEn) 
    10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.69(d)(2); (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 
    101-8.308(d)(2) (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.14(d)(2); (HUD) 
    24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.13(d)(2); (DOI) 43  C.F.R. Sec. 
    17.213(d)(2); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.513(d)(2); (DOL) 
    29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.15(d)(3); (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1151.34(c)(2); (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 
    60-741.6(c)(3)(ii);  (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.14(d)(2); 
    (DOT) C.F.R. Sec. 27.37(d)(2); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 
    15b.15(d)(2); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 18.414(d)(2).
     
57. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.12(d)(3); (DOCom) 15 
    C.F.R. Sec. 8b.14(d)(4); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 
    56.8(b)(9)(iii); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.14(d)(3); 
    (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.69 (d)(3); (GSA) 41 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 101-8.308(d)(3); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.14(d)(3); 
    (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.13(d)(3); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 
    17.213(d)(3); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.513(d)(3); (DOL) 
    29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.15(d)(4); (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1151.34(c)(3); (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec.    
    60-741.6(c)(3)(iii); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.14(d)(3); 
    (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.37(d)(3); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 
    15b.15(d)(3); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 18.414(d)(3).

58. Admin. Code Secs. 8-107(d), 8-108, Exec. Law Sec. 
    296(1)(d).

59. Possible tort claims include inadvertent or purposeful 
    disclosure of personal and sensitive information, 
    negligent maintenance of records, defamation, false 
    light, invasion of privacy and prima facie tort.  See, 
    e.g., Doe v. Borough of Barrington, No. 88-2642 
    (D.N.J., January 29, 1990); Rodriquez v. Coughlin, No. 
    CIV-87-1577E (W.D.N.Y., June 10, 1989).  For a general 
    discussion of tort claims in this area, see Rothstein, 
    Screening Workers for AIDS, in AIDS and the Law, 126, 
    139 (H. Dalton and S. Burris, eds., 1987).  For general 
    discussions of privacy and the constitutional right of 
    privacy, see Fried, Privacy, 77 Yale L.J. 475 (1968); 
    Gerety, Redefining Privacy, 12 Harv. C.R.C.L.L. Rev. 
    233 (1977); Karst, The Freedom of Intimate Association, 
    89 Yale L.J. 624 (1980); Winslade, Confidentiality of 
    Medical Records: An Overview of Concepts and Legal 
    Policies, 3 J. Legal Med. 497 (1982). 

60. New York Public Health Law Section 2780 et seq.

61. Information disclosed to other persons by health care 
    providers and social service agencies or by the pro-
    tected individual pursuant to a written authorization  
    must remain confidential.  Any disclosure must include 
    a notice to the person to whom the information is 
    disclosed that the information must be kept confiden-
    tial.  In general, the Confidentiality Law prohibits 
    the disclosure of HIV-related information without a 
    written authorization from the subject, but there are 
    numerous exceptions.  HIV-related information can be 
    disclosed without written consent to the following 
    entities: employees or agents of a health care facility
    when the facility provides care to the person and the 
    employee or agent maintains records for billing or 
    reimbursement purposes; health care providers where 
    necessary for treatment or in relation to organ dona-
    tion or transplant, or, in limited circumstances, in 
    connection with accreditation or oversight review; 
    foster care and adoption agencies; third party reim-
    bursers for reimbursement purposes, with the requisite 
    authorization; insurance institutions for purposes 
    other than reimbursement; by court order, in limited 
    circumstances; parole; probation; the medical director 
    of a local correctional facility; the New York City 
    Department of Corrections, and Federal, State or local 
    agencies monitoring social service or health providers 
    for statistical purposes.  In all other circumstances 
    disclosure of protected informa-tion without written 
    authorization violates the statute.  In addition, any 
    disclosure pursuant to release must also be accompanied 
    or followed within 10 days by written notice of the 
    confidential nature of the information.

62. Miller v. Ravitch, 60 N.Y.2d 527, 532, 458 N.E.2d 1235, 
    137, 470 N.Y.S.2d 558, 560 (1983)(supervisor could not 
    be required to give up promotion after onset of 
    disability which made performance of some duties 
    difficult).

63. Nemhauser v. NYU Pension and Welfare Plan, Decision and 
    Order, Complaint No. EM00377-7/27/88, New York City 
    Commission on Human Rights, February 22, 1990, at p. 26 
    of Administrative Law Judge's Recommended Decision and 
    Order dated November 21, 1989 ("This tribunal finds no 
    exception in the [New York City Administrative] Code 
    [City Human Rights Law] for permitting discrimination 
    on the basis of the possibility of future illness.")

64. State Division of Human Rights (McDermott) v. Xerox 
    Corp., 65 N.Y.2d 213, 218, 480 N.E.2d 695, 697, 491 
    N.Y.S.2d 106, 108 (1985).  

65. Rulings by New York State Division of Human Rights, 
    F.E.P. Manual vol. 8B, 455:3161, (BNA); State Division 
    of Human Rights (Granelle) v. City of New York, 70 
    N.Y.2d 100, 107, 510 N.E.2d 799, 802, 517 N.Y.S.2d 715, 
    718 (1987).

66. Antonsen v. Ward, NYLJ July 6, 1989, p. 24, col. 1, N.Y. 
    S. Ct. N.Y. County; Mantolete v. Bolger, 767 F.2d 1416, 
    1422-23 (9th Cir. 1985).

67. E.E. Black Ltd. v. Marshall, 497 F. Supp. 1088, 1104 
    (D. Hawaii 1980).

68. See, New York Exec. Law Secs. 292(21), 296.

69. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.12(b)(1); (DOCom) 15 
    C.F.R. Sec. 8b.14(b)(1); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 
    56.8(b)(7); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.14 (b)(1); (DOEn) 
    10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.69(b)(1); (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 
    101-8.308(b)(1); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.14(b)(1); 
    (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.13(b)(1); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 
    17.213(b)(1); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R Sec. 42.513(b)(1); (DOL) 
    29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.15(b)(1); (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1151.34(a)(1); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.14(b)(1); (DOT) 
    49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.37(b)(1); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 
    15b.15(b)(1); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Secs. 18.414(b)(1).
    70. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.12(b)(2); (DOCom) 15 
    C.F.R. Sec. 8b.14(b)(2); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 
    56.8(b)(7)(ii); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.14(b)(2); 
    (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.69(b)(2); (GSA) 41 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 101-8.308(b)(2); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.14(b)(2); 
    (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.13(b)(2); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 
    17.213(b)(2); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.513(b)(2); (DOL) 
    29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.15(b)(2); (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1151.34(a)(2); (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.4(e); 
    (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.14(b)(2); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 
    27.37(b)(2); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.15(b)(2); (VA) 38 
    C.F.R. Sec. 18.414(b)(2).

71. State Exec. Law Sec. 296(1)(d).

72. City Admin. Code Secs. 8-107; 8-108; State Exec. Law 
    Sec. 296(1)(a);  (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Secs. 1232.9(c)(5), 
    (6); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 8b.11(b)(3); (DOD) 32 
    C.F.R. Secs. 56.8(b)(2)(v), (vi); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. 
    Secs. 104.11(b)(5), (6); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Secs. 
    1040.66(b)(5), (6); (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Secs. 7.60(c)(5), 
    (6); (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Secs. 101-8.305(d)(5), (6); (HHS) 
    45 C.F.R. Secs. 84.11(b)(5), (6); (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Secs. 
    8.10(c)(5), (6); (DOI) 43 C.F.R Secs. 17.210(b)(5), 
    (6); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.510(b)(5), (6) (DOL) 29 
    C.F.R. Secs. 32.12(b)(5), (6); (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Secs. 
    1151.31(d)(5), (6); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Secs. 142.11(b)(5), 
    (6); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Secs. 27.31(b)(5), (6); (USDA) 7 
    C.F.R. Secs. 15b.12(b)(5), (6); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Secs. 
    18.411(b)(5), (6); (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.6(e). 

73. State Division of Human Rights (McDermott) v. Xerox 
    Corp., 65 N.Y.2d 213, 218, 480 N.E.2d 695, 697, 491 
    N.Y.2d 106, 108 (1985).

74. Miller v. Ravitch, 60 N.Y.2d 527, 532, 458 N.E.2d 1235, 
    1237, 470 N.Y.S. 2d 558, 560 (1983). 

75. See School Board of Nassau County v. Arline, 480 U.S. 
    273 (1987). 

76. See (HHS), Appendix A, 45 C.F.R. Part 84.

77. City Human Rights Law, Admin. Code Secs. 8-102.9, 
    8-107.2, 8-108; State Human Rights Law, Exec. Law Secs. 
    292.2, 296.2, 296.14; State Civil Rights Law Art. 4-B. 

78. Exec. Law Secs. 292.21, 296.2, 296.4.  While public 
    schools are not covered by the public accommodations 
    provisions of State and City Human Rights Laws, they 
    are covered by similar provisions of Federal laws, 
    including the Education of the Handicapped Act, 20 
    U.S.C. Sec. 1400 et seq. (which is beyond the scope of 
    this book) and, of course, Sec. 504 of the Rehabilita-
    tion Act, 29 U.S.C. Sec. 794.

79. Admin. Code Secs. 8-102.9, 8-107.2, 8-107.4, 8-108.

80. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R Sec. 1232.13; (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 
    8b.15; (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.8(c)(1); (DOEd) 34 
    C.F.R. Sec. 104.21; (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.71; 
    (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 101-8.309(a); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 
    84.21; (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.20; (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 
    17.216; (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.56); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 42.520; (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.26; (DOS) 22 
    C.F.R. Sec. 142.15; (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.63; (USDA) 
    7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.17; (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 18.421.

81. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.3(j)(2); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 8b.3(h)(3) - also defined in reference to post 
    secondary and vocational education services, 15 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 8b.3(2); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.3(f)(2); (DOEd) 
    34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.3(k)(4); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1040.62(e)(4) - also defined in reference to 
    educational programs; (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.25; (GSA) 
    41 C.F.R. Sec. 101-8.301(d)(4); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 
    84.3(k)(4); (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.3; (DOI) 43 C.F.R. 
    Sec.  17.202(k)(4); (DOJ coordinating regulations) 28 
    C.F.R. Sec. 41.32; (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.540(l)(2); 
    (DOL)  29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.3; (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1151.12(b); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.3(k)(4); (DOT) 49 
    C.F.R. Sec. 27.5; (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.3(n)(4); 
    (VA)  38 C.F.R. Sec. 18.403(k)(4).  
     
82. (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1151.16(c).

     The following regulations apply to recipients who 
     employ 15 or more persons:  (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 
     8b.4(b)(7); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Secs. 104.44(d), 104.52(d) 
     - applies to postsecondary education, as well as 
     health, welfare and social services, respectively; 
     (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Secs. 84.44(d), 84.52(d) - applies to 
     postsecondary education, as well as health, welfare and 
     social services, respectively; (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 
     17.250(d) - applies to providers of health, welfare and 
     social services; (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.503(f); (DOL) 
     29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.4(b)(7); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Secs. 
     142.44(d), 142.62(d) - applies to postsecondary 
     educational programs, as well as health, welfare and 
     social services, respectively; (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Secs. 
     15b.32(d), 15b.37; (VA) 38 C.F.R. Secs. 18.443(d), 
     18.452(d) - applies to postsecondary educational 
     programs, as well as health, welfare and social 
     services, respectively. 

     Rothschild v. Grottenthaler, 716 F. Supp. 796 (on 
     motion to dismiss); 725 F. Supp. 776 (S.D.N.Y. 1989); 
     see Alexander v. Choate, 469 U.S. 287, 301 (1984) 
     (meaningful access required); Dopico v. Goldschmidt, 
     687 F.2d 644, 652 (2d Cir. 1982) (some affirmative 
     action required).  New York City Administrative Code 
     Secs. 8-108, 8-102.16(e); Tartaglia v. Jack LaLanne 
     Fitness Centers, Inc., New York City Commission on 
     Human Rights, Complaint No. 04153182-PA, Decision and 
     Order, pages 21-22; 18; 19 (June 12, 1986); see New 
     York City Commission on Human Rights, Gertrude Kass and 
     Bernard Kass v. United Veterans Mutual Housing, No. 2 
     Corp., New York City Commission on Human Rights, 
     Complaint No. EM00936-08/14/87-DE, Recommended Decision 
     and Order, pages 5-6 (April 4, 1990).        

83. A recipient shall operate each program or activity so 
    that the program or activity, when viewed in its 
    entirety, is readily accessible to and usable by 
    persons with disabilities.  (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1232.14(a); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 8b.17(a); (DOD) 32 
    C.F.R. Sec. 56.8(c)(2) - additional provisions 
    regarding historic properties; (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 
    104.22(a) - additional provisions regarding education 
    programs; (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 1040.72(a); (EPA) 40 
    C.F.R. Sec. 7.65(a); (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 101-8.309(b); 
    (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.22(a); (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Secs. 
    8.21(c), 8.24(a); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 17.217(a); (DOJ 
    coordinating regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.57; (DOJ) 
    28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.521(a); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. 32.27(a); 
    (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1151.22(a); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 
    142.16(a); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.65(a); (USDA) 7 
    C.F.R. Sec. 15b.18(a) - additional provisions regarding 
    historic sites; (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 18.422(a) - 
    additional provisions regarding education and health 
    services.       

84. City Admin. Code Secs. 8-107, 8-108; State Exec. Law 
    Sec. 296; see State Division of Human Rights v. Cross 
    and Brown, 83 A.D.2d 993, 443 N.Y.S.2d 671 (1st Dep't 
    1981) (affirming without opinion an order of the State 
    Human Rights Commission requiring accessibility to a 
    commercial office building; the case was brought by 
    someone who could not gain access to an Parking 
    Violations Bureau office to protest a ticket); New York 
    City Commission on Human Rights, Gertrude Kass and 
    Bernard Kass v. United Veterans Mutual Housing, No. 2 
    Corp., New York City Commission on Human Rights, 
    Complaint No. EM00936-08/14/87-DE, Recommended Decision 
    and Order, pages 5-6 (April 4, 1990) (quoting Tartaglia 
    v. Jack LaLanne Fitness Centers, Inc., New York City 
    Commission on Human Rights, Complaint No. 04153182-PA, 
    Decision and Order, page 21 (June 12, 1986). 
85. Federal Architectural Barriers Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 4151 
    et seq. 

86. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.14(b); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 8b.17(b); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.8(c)(2)(ii); 
    (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. 104.22; (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. 1040.72(b); 
    (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.65(c); (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Secs. 
    101-8.309(c), (e); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.22; (HUD) 24 
    C.F.R. Sec. 8.24 - deadline is July 11, 1991; (DOI) 43 
    C.F.R. Sec. 17.217(b); (DOJ coordinating regulations) 
    28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.57(b); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 
    42.521(d); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Secs. 32.27(c), (d); (NEA) 
    45 C.F.R. Sec. 1151.22(c); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Secs. 
    142.16(b), (c); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.65(c)(check 
    regulations for specific provisions for airports, 
    railroads and highways); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 
    15b.18(f); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Secs. 18.422(b), (d).

87. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.14(c); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 8b.17(e); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.8(c)(2)(ii); 
    (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.22(e); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1040.72(d); (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.75; (GSA) 41 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 101-8.309(f); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.22(e); (HUD) 
    24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.21(b)(4); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 
    17.217(e); (DOJ coordinating regulations) 28 C.F.R. 
    Sec.  41.57(c); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.521(d); (DOL) 29 
    C.F.R. Sec. 32.27(e); (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1151.22(d); 
    (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.16(d); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 
    27.65(d); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.18(g); (VA) 38 
    C.F.R. Sec. 18.422(e). 

88. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.15(a); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 8b.18(b); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.8(c)(3); (DOEd) 
    34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.23(b); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1040.73(b); (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.65(e) - regulations 
    provide alterations to be done where financially 
    feasible; (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 101-8.310(b); (HUD) 24 
    C.F.R. Sec. 8.21(b); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.23(b); 
    (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 17.218(b); (DOJ coordinating 
    regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.58; (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 
    42.522(a); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.28(b); (NEA) 45 
    C.F.R. Sec. 1151.23(a); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.17(b); 
    (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.67(b); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 
    15b.19(b); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 18.423(b).  See New York 
    City Admin. Code Sec. 27-123.1.

89. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.15(a); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 8b.18(a); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.8(c)(3); (DOEd) 
    34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.23(a); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R.Sec. 
    1040.73(a); (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.70(a); (GSA) 41 
    C.F.R. 101-8.310(a); (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.21(a); 
    (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.23(a); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 
    17.218(a); (DOJ coordinating regulations) 28 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 41.58; (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.522(a); (DOL) 29 
    C.F.R. Sec. 32.28(a); (NEA) 45 C.F.R. 1151.23(a); (DOS) 
    22 C.F.R. 142.17(a); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.67(a); 
    (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.19(a); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 
    18.423(a). 

90. Federal Architectural Barriers Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 4151 
    et seq. 

91. Admin. Code Secs. 27-123.1, 27-232, 27-292.1 et seq., 
    et al.  See especially Sec. 27-292.10.

92. 42 U.S.C. Sec. 3604. 

93. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.5; (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Secs. 
    8b.5(a), (b); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.9(b) (DOEd) 34 
    C.F.R. Secs. 104.5(a), (b); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Secs. 
    1040.4(a), (b); (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Secs. 7.80(a), (b); 
    (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Secs. 84.5(a), (b); (HUD) 24 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 8.50; (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Secs. 17.204(a), (b); (DOJ 
    coordinating regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.5 (a)(2); 
    (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 42.504; (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.5; 
    (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Secs. 1151.41(a), (b); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 142.5(a), (b); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Secs. 27.9(a), (b); 
    (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Secs. 15b.5(a), (b); (VA) 38 C.F.R. 
    Secs. 18.405(a), (b).
     
94. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.7(c); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 8b.6(c); (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.9(c); (DOEd) 34 
    C.F.R. Secs. 104.6(a)(2) & (c); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1040.7(c); (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.85(c); (GSA) 41 
    C.F.R. Sec. 101-8.313(a); (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Secs. 
    84.6(a)(2) & (c); (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.51; (DOI) 43 
    C.F.R. Sec. 17.205(c); (DOJ coordinating regulations) 
    28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.5(b)(2); (DOJ) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 
    42.505(c); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.6(c)(1); (NEA) 45 
    C.F.R. Sec. 1151.42(a); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 
    142.6(c)(1); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.11(c); (USDA) 7 
    C.F.R. Sec. 15b.8(c); (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 18.406(c)(1).

95. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.7(a)(2); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. 
    Sec. 8b.6(a)(2); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.6(a)(2); 
    (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Secs. 84.6(a)(2); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 
    17.205(a)(2); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.6(a)(2); (DOS) 22 
    C.F.R. Sec. 142.6(a)(2); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 
    27.11(a)(2); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.8(a)(2); (VA) 38 
    C.F.R. Sec. 18.406(a)(2).  See (DOJ coordinating 
    regulations) 28 C.F.R. Sec. 41.51(b)(1)(v).

96. (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.9(c)(2); (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Sec. 
    1040.7(d); (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.85(e); (GSA) 41 
    C.F.R. Sec. 101-8.313(b); (NEA) 45 C.F.R Sec. 
    1151.42(a)(4); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.6(c)(2); (DOT) 
    49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.11(c)(3); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 
    15b.8(c)(2).

     The following Federal agencies require compliance by 
     recipients with 15 or more employees: (ACTION) 45 
     C.F.R. Sec. 1232.7(c)(2); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. Sec. 
     8b.6(c); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.6(c)(2);  (HHS) 45 
     C.F.R. Sec. 84.6(c)(2); (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.51(b); 
     (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 17.205(c)(2); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 
     32.6(c)(2);  (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 18.406(c)(2); (DOJ) 28 
     C.F.R. Sec. 42.505(c)(2) - applies to recipients of 
     $25,000 employing at least 50 employees.

97. (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.9(2);  (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 
    8.53; (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.45(b).  

     NEA provides that a recipient may adopt a grievance 
     procedure.  45 C.F.R. Sec. 1151.43. 
     
     The following agencies require recipients employing 15 
     or more to adopt grievance procedures: (DOCom) 15 
     C.F.R. Sec. 8b.7(b); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.7(b); 
     (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.90; (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 
     84.7(b); (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.53(b); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. 
     Sec. 17.206(b); (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.7(b) (DOT) 49 
     C.F.R. Sec. 27.13(b); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.6(b); 
     (VA) 38 C.F.R. Sec. 18.407(b).

     DOJ makes such a requirement for agencies receiving 
     $25,000 and employing 50 or more employees.  28 C.F.R. 
     Sec. 42.505(e).

98. Executive Order 12250. 

99. Many Federal agencies, rather than setting forth the 
    details of an enforcement procedure, refer to the 
    procedural provisions of Title VI of the Civil Rights 
    Act of 1964.  Title VI prohibits exclusion from partici-
    pation in, denial of benefits of, and discrimination 
    under Federally assisted programs on the basis of race, 
    color or national origin.  (42 U.S.C. Sec. 2000d.)  
    Federal agencies have issued regulations to effectuate 
    that objective.  (42 U.S.C. Sec. 2000d-1).  Compliance 
    may be effected (1) by the termination of or refusal to 
    grant or to continue assistance under such program or 
    activity to any recipient as to whom there has been an 
    express finding on the record, after opportunity for 
    hearing, of a failure to comply with such requirement, 
    or (2) by any other means authorized by law.  Such 
    action will not be taken until there has been notifica-
    tion of the failure to comply and there has been a 
    determination that compliance cannot be secured by 
    voluntary means.  Id.  
    (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.16 - this section cites 
    Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; (DOCom) 15 
    C.F.R. Sec. 8b.26 - reference to Title VI; (DOD) 36 
    C.F.R. Sec. 56.9; (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.61 - cites 
    Title VI; (DOEn) 10 C.F.R. Subparts G, H; (EPA) 40 
    C.F.R. Subpart E; (GSA) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 101-8.312 - 
    cites Title VI; (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 84.61 - cites 
    Title VI; (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Secs. 8.55-8.71; (DOI) 43 
    C.F.R. Sec. 17.280 - reference to Title VI; (DOJ) 28 
    C.F.R. Sec. 42.530 (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Secs. 32.46, 32.47; 
    (NEA) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1151.44 - reference to Title VI; 
    (DOS) 22 C.F.R. Sec. 142.70 - reference to Title VI; 
    (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Secs. 27.121, 27.123, 27.125; (USDA) 7 
    C.F.R. Sec. 15b.42 - reference to Title VI; (VA) 38 
    C.F.R. Sec. 18.461 - reference to Title VI.

100. (EPA) 40 C.F.R. Sec. 7.85 - recipients shall maintain 
     the following information to show compliance: (1) a 
     brief description of any lawsuits pending against the 
     recipient alleging discrimination; (2) a log of 
     discrimination complaints including action taken in 
     response to each complaint; (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.55 - 
     recipients shall prepare and keep compliance reports in 
     the form and containing the information requested by 
     HUD's civil rights official; (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.49 
     - records regarding complaints and actions taken in 
     response to the complaints are to be maintained for at 
     least three years; (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.121 -  
     complaints of noncompliance received shall be kept on 
     file for one year; records summarizing the complaints 
     will be kept for five years; additionally, recipients 
     will complete compliance reports in the form and 
     containing the information required by DOT representa-
     tives; in preparing those reports, recipients need to 
     obtain compliance reports from subrecipients.
     
101. (ACTION) 45 C.F.R. Sec. 1232.7(a)(2); (DOCom) 15 C.F.R. 
     Sec. 8b.6(a)(2); (DOEd) 34 C.F.R. Sec. 104.6(a)(2); 
     (HHS) 45 C.F.R. Secs. 84.6(a)(2); (DOI) 43 C.F.R. Sec. 
     17.205(a)(2); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. Sec. 32.6(a)(2); (DOS) 22 
     C.F.R. Sec. 142.6(a)(2); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 
     27.11(a)(2); (USDA) 7 C.F.R. Sec. 15b.8(a)(2); (VA) 38 
     C.F.R. Sec. 18.406(a)(2).

102. (DOD) 32 C.F.R. Sec. 56.9(e); (EPA) 40 C.F.R Sec. 
     7.100; (HUD) 24 C.F.R. Sec. 8.56(k); (DOL) 29 C.F.R. 
     Sec. 32.45(g); (DOT) 49 C.F.R. Sec. 27.123(e).

103. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Subpart B.  

104. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.26.

105. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.52.

106. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.28.

107. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.26(g).

108. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.28(b).

109. (OFCCP) 41 C.F.R. Sec. 60-741.51.

110. City Admin. Code Sec. 8-101 et seq. 

111. Admin. Code Sec. 8-109(1).

112. Admin. Code Sec. 8-109(2).

113. Admin. Code Secs. 8-109 - 8-111.

114. Admin. Code Sec. 8-107(1)(e).
 
115. State Exec. Law Sec. 297(5).  

116. Exec. Law Sec. 299. 

117. State General Municipal Law Sec. 239-s.

        
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