CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information

Subpart F -- Intercity Rail Cars and Systems

Subpart F -- Intercity Rail Cars and Systems

Section 1192.111 General.
      (a) New, used and remanufactured intercity rail cars, to be considered
accessible by regulations issued by the Department of Transportation in 49 CFR
part 37, shall comply with this subpart to the extent required for each type
of car as specified below.

      (1) Single-level rail passenger coaches and food service cars (other
than single-level dining cars) shall comply with Sections 1192.113 through
1192.123.  Compliance with Section 1192.125 shall be required only to the
extent necessary to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section.

      (2) Single-level dining and lounge cars shall have at least one
connecting doorway complying with Section 1192.113(a)(2), connected to a car
accessible to persons using wheelchairs or mobility aids, and at least one
space complying with Section 1192.125(d)(2) and (3), to provide table service
to a person who wishes to remain in his or her wheelchair, and space to fold
and store a wheelchair for a person who wishes to transfer to an existing
seat.

      (3) Bi-level dining cars shall comply with Sections 1192.113(a)(2),
1192.115(b), 1192.117(a), and 1192.121.

      (4) Bi-level lounge cars shall have doors on the lower level, on each
side of the car from which passengers board, complying with Section 1192.113,
a restroom complying with Section 1192.123, and at least one space complying
with Section 1192.125(d)(2) and (3) to provide table service to a person who
wishes to remain in his or her wheelchair and space to fold and store a
wheelchair for a person who wishes to transfer to an existing seat.

      (5) Restrooms complying with Section 1192.123 shall be provided in
single-level rail passenger coaches and food service cars adjacent to the
accessible seating locations required by paragraph (d) of this section.
Accessible restrooms are required in dining and lounge cars only if restrooms
are provided for other passengers.

      (6) Sleeper cars shall comply with Section 1192.113(b) through (d),
1192.115 through 1192.121, and 1192.125, and have at least one compartment
which can be entered and used by a person using a wheelchair or mobility aid
and complying with Section 1192.127.

      (b)(1) If physically and operationally practicable, intercity rail cars
shall comply with Section 1192.113(d) for level boarding.

      (2) Where level boarding is not structurally or operationally
practicable, intercity rail cars shall comply with Section 1192.125.

      (c) If portions of the car are modified in a way that affects or could
affect accessibility, each such portion shall comply, to the extent
practicable, with the applicable provisions of this subpart.  This provision
does not require that inaccessible cars be retrofitted with lifts, ramps or
other boarding devices.

      (d) Passenger coaches or food service cars shall have the number of
spaces complying with Section 1192.125(d)(2) and the number of spaces
complying with Section 1192.125(d)(3), as required by 49 CFR 37.91.

      (e) Existing cars retrofitted to meet the seating requirements of 49 CFR
37.91 shall comply with Sections 1192.113(e), 1192.123, 1192.125(d) and shall
have at least one door on each side from which passengers board complying with
Section 1192.113(d). Existing cars designed and manufactured to be accessible
in accordance with Department of Transportation regulations implementing
section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 that were in effect before
October 7, 1991, shall comply with Section 1192.125(a).

Section 1192.113 Doorways.
      (a) Clear width.  (1) At least one doorway, on each side of the car from
which passengers board, of each car required to be accessible by Section
1192.111(a) and where the spaces required by Section 1192.111(d) are located,
and at least one adjacent doorway into coach passenger compartments shall have
a minimum clear opening width of 32 inches.

      (2) Doorways at ends of cars connecting two adjacent cars, to the
maximum extent practicable in accordance with regulations issued under the
Federal Railroad Safety Act of 1970 (49 CFR parts 229 and 231), shall have a
clear opening width of 32 inches to permit wheelchair and mobility aid users
to enter into a single-level dining car, if available.

      (b) Passageway.  Doorways required to be accessible by paragraph (a) of
this section shall permit access by persons using mobility aids and shall have
an unobstructed passageway at least 32 inches wide leading to an accessible
sleeping compartment complying with Section 1192.127 or seating locations
complying with Section 1192.125(d). In cars where such doorways require
passage through a vestibule, such vestibule shall have a minimum width of 42
inches. (See Fig. 4)

      (c) Signals.  If doors to the platform close automatically or from a
remote location, auditory and visual warning signals shall be provided to
alert passengers of closing doors.

      (d) Coordination with boarding platforms. - (1) Requirements.  Cars
which provide level-boarding in stations with high platforms shall be
coordinated with the boarding platform or mini-high platform design such that
the horizontal gap between a car at rest and the platform shall be no greater
than 3 inches and the height of the car floor shall be within plus or minus
5/8 inch of the platform height.  Vertical alignment may be accomplished by
car air suspension, platform lifts or other devices, or any combination.

      (2) Exception.  New cars operating in existing stations may have a floor
height within plus or minus 1-1/2 inches of the platform height.

      (3) Exception.  Where platform set-backs do not allow the horizontal gap
or vertical alignment specified in paragraph (d)(1) or (2), platform or
portable lifts complying with Section 1192.125(b), or car or platform bridge
plates, complying with Section 1192.125(c), may be provided.

      (4) Exception. Retrofitted vehicles shall be coordinated with the
platform in existing stations such that the horizontal gap shall be no greater
than 4 inches and the height of the vehicle floor, under 50% passenger load,
shall be within plus or minus 2 inches of the platform height.

      (e) Signage.  The International Symbol of Accessibility shall be
displayed on the exterior of all doors complying with this section unless all
cars and doors are accessible and are not marked by the access symbol.  (See
Fig. 6) Appropriate signage shall also indicate which accessible doors are
adjacent to an accessible restroom, if applicable.

Section 1192.115 Interior circulation, handrails and stanchions.
      (a) Where provided, handrails or stanchions within the passenger
compartment shall be placed to permit sufficient turning and maneuvering space
for wheelchairs and other mobility aids to reach a seating location, complying
with Section 1192.125(d), from an accessible entrance. The diameter or width
of the gripping surface of interior handrails and stanchions shall be 1-1/4
inches to 1-1/2 inches or shall provide an equivalent gripping surface.
Handrails shall be placed to provide a minimum 1-1/2 inches knuckle clearance
from the nearest adjacent surface.

      (b) Where provided, handrails and stanchions shall be sufficient to
permit safe boarding, on-board circulation, seating and standing assistance,
and alighting by persons with disabilities.

      (c) At entrances equipped with steps, handrails or stanchions shall be
provided in the entrance to the car in a configuration which allows passengers
to grasp such assists from outside the car while starting to board, and to
continue using such assists throughout the boarding process, to the extent
permitted by 49 CFR part 231.

Section 1192.117 Floors, steps and thresholds.
      (a) Floor surfaces on aisles, step treads and areas where wheelchair and
mobility aid users are to be accommodated shall be slip-resistant.

      (b) All step edges and thresholds shall have a band of color(s) running
the full width of the step or threshold which contrasts from the step tread
and riser or adjacent floor, either light-on-dark or dark-on-light.

Section 1192.119 Lighting.
      (a) Any stepwell, or doorway with a lift, ramp or bridge plate, shall
have, when the door is open, at least 2 footcandles of illumination measured
on the step tread, ramp, bridge plate or lift platform.
 
      (b) The doorways of cars not operating at lighted station platforms
shall have outside lights which, when the door is open, provide at least 1
footcandle of illumination on the station platform surface for a distance of 3
feet perpendicular to all points on the bottom step tread edge. Such lights
shall be shielded to protect the eyes of entering and exiting passengers.

Section 1192.121 Public information system.
      (a) Each car shall be equipped with a public address system permitting
transportation system personnel, or recorded or digitized human speech
messages, to announce stations and provide other passenger information.
Alternative systems or devices which provide equivalent access are also
permitted.

      (b) [Reserved]

Section 1192.123 Restrooms.
      (a) If a restroom is provided for the general public, and an accessible
restroom is required by Section 1192.111(a) and (e), it shall be designed so
as to allow a person using a wheelchair or mobility aid to enter and use such
restroom as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) through (5) of this section.

      (1) The minimum clear floor area shall be 35 inches by 60 inches.
Permanently installed fixtures may overlap this area a maximum of 6 inches, if
the lowest portion of the fixture is a minimum of 9 inches above the floor,
and may overlap a maximum of 19 inches, if the lowest portion of the fixture
is a minimum of 29 inches above the floor.  Fixtures shall not interfere with
access to and use of the water closet. Fold-down or retractable seats or
shelves may overlap the clear floor space at a lower height provided they can
be easily folded up or moved out of the way.

      (2) The height of the water closet shall be 17 inches to 19 inches
measured to the top of the toilet seat. Seats shall not be sprung to return to
a lifted position.

      (3) A grab bar at least 24 inches long shall be mounted behind the water
closet, and a horizontal grab bar at least 40 inches long shall be mounted on
at least one side wall, with one end not more than 12 inches from the back
wall, at a height between 33 inches and 36 inches above the floor.

      (4) Faucets and flush controls shall be operable with one hand and shall
not require tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of the wrist. The force
required to activate controls shall be no greater than 5 lbf (22.2 N).
Controls for flush valves shall be mounted no more than 44 inches above the
floor.

      (5) Doorways on the end of the enclosure, opposite the water closet,
shall have a minimum clear opening width of 32 inches.  Doorways on the side
wall shall have a minimum clear opening width of 39 inches. Door latches and
hardware shall be operable with one hand and shall not require tight grasping,
pinching, or twisting of the wrist.

      (b) Restrooms required to be accessible shall be in close proximity to
at least one seating location for persons using mobility aids complying with
Section 1192.125(d) and shall be connected to such a space by an unobstructed
path having a minimum width of 32 inches.

Section 1192.125 Mobility aid accessibility.
      (a)(1) General. All intercity rail cars, other than level entry cars,
required to be accessible by Section 1192.111(a) and (e) of this subpart shall
provide a level-change mechanism or boarding device (e.g., lift, ramp or
bridge plate) complying with either paragraph (b) or (c) of this section and
sufficient clearances to permit a wheelchair or other mobility aid user to
reach a seating location complying with paragraph (d) of this section.

      (2) Exception.  If portable or platform lifts, ramps or bridge plates
meeting the applicable requirements of this section are provided on station
platforms or other stops, or mini-high platforms complying with Section
1192.113(d) are provided, at stations or stops required to be accessible by 49
CFR part 37, the car is not required to be equipped with a car-borne device.

      (b) Car Lift. - (1) Design load.  The design load of the lift shall be
at least 600 pounds. Working parts, such as cables, pulleys, and shafts, which
can be expected to wear, and upon which the lift depends for support of the
load, shall have a safety factor of at least six, based on the ultimate
strength of the material. Nonworking parts, such as platform, frame, and
attachment hardware which would not be expected to wear, shall have a safety
factor of at least three, based on the ultimate strength of the material.

      (2) Controls. - (i) Requirements.  The controls shall be interlocked
with the car brakes, propulsion system, or door, or shall provide other
appropriate mechanisms or systems, to ensure that the car cannot be moved when
the lift is not stowed and so the lift cannot be deployed unless the
interlocks or systems are engaged. The lift shall deploy to all platform
levels normally encountered in the operating environment. Where provided, each
control for deploying, lowering, raising, and stowing the lift and lowering
the roll-off barrier shall be of a momentary contact type requiring continuous
manual pressure by the operator and shall not allow improper lift sequencing
when the lift platform is occupied. The controls shall allow reversal of the
lift operation sequence, such as raising or lowering a platform that is part
way down, without allowing an occupied platform to fold or retract into the
stowed position.

      (ii) Exception.  Where physical or safety constraints prevent the
deployment at some stops of a lift having its long dimension perpendicular to
the car axis, the transportation entity may specify a lift which is designed
to deploy with its long dimension parallel to the car axis and which pivots
into or out of the car while occupied (i.e., "rotary lift"). The requirements
of paragraph (b)(2)(i) of this section prohibiting the lift from being stowed
while occupied shall not apply to a lift design of this type if the stowed
position is within the passenger compartment and the lift is intended to be
stowed while occupied.

      (iii) Exception. The brake or propulsion system interlocks requirement
does not apply to platform mounted or portable lifts provided that a
mechanical, electrical or other system operates to ensure that cars do not
move when the lift is in use.

      (3) Emergency operation.  The lift shall incorporate an emergency method
of deploying, lowering to ground or station platform level with a lift
occupant, and raising and stowing the empty lift if the power to the lift
fails. No emergency method, manual or otherwise, shall be capable of being
operated in a manner that could be hazardous to the lift occupant or to the
operator when operated according to manufacturer's instructions, and shall not
permit the platform to be stowed or folded when occupied, unless the lift is a
rotary lift and is intended to be stowed while occupied.

      (4) Power or equipment failure.  Platforms stowed in a vertical
position, and deployed platforms when occupied, shall have provisions to
prevent their deploying, falling, or folding any faster than 12 inches/second
or their dropping of an occupant in the event of a single failure of any load
carrying component.

      (5) Platform barriers.  The lift platform shall be equipped with
barriers to prevent any of the wheels of a wheelchair or mobility aid from
rolling off the lift during its operation. A movable barrier or inherent
design feature shall prevent a wheelchair or mobility aid from rolling off the
edge closest to the car until the lift is in its fully raised position. Each
side of the lift platform which, in its raised position, extends beyond the
car shall have a barrier a minimum 1-1/2 inches high. Such barriers shall not
interfere with maneuvering into or out of the car. The loading-edge barrier
(outer barrier) which functions as a loading ramp when the lift is at ground
or station platform level, shall be sufficient when raised or closed, or a
supplementary system shall be provided, to prevent a power wheelchair or
mobility aid from riding over or defeating it. The outer barrier of the lift
shall automatically rise or close, or a supplementary system shall
automatically engage, and remain raised, closed, or engaged at all times that
the lift platform is more than 3 inches above the station platform and the
lift is occupied. Alternatively, a barrier or system may be raised, lowered,
opened, closed, engaged or disengaged by the lift operator provided an
interlock or inherent design feature prevents the lift from rising unless the
barrier is raised or closed or the supplementary system is engaged.

      (6) Platform surface.  The lift platform surface shall be free of any
protrusions over 1/4 inch high and shall be slip resistant. The lift platform
shall have a minimum clear width of 28-1/2 inches at the platform, a minimum
clear width of 30 inches measured from 2 inches above the lift platform
surface to 30 inches above the surface, and a minimum clear length of 48
inches measured from 2 inches above the surface of the platform to 30 inches
above the surface. (See Fig. 1)

      (7) Platform gaps.  Any openings between the lift platform surface and
the raised barriers shall not exceed 5/8 inch wide. When the lift is at car
floor height with the inner barrier (if applicable) down or retracted, gaps
between the forward lift platform edge and car floor shall not exceed 1/2 inch
horizontally and 5/8 inch vertically.  Platforms on semi-automatic lifts may
have a hand hold not exceeding 1-1/2 inches by 4-1/2 inches located between
the edge barriers.

      (8) Platform entrance ramp.  The entrance ramp, or loading-edge barrier
used as a ramp, shall not exceed a slope of 1:8, when measured on level
ground, for a maximum rise of 3 inches, and the transition from station
platform to ramp may be vertical without edge treatment up to 1/4 inch.
Thresholds between 1/4 inch and 1/2 inch high shall be beveled with a slope no
greater than 1:2.

      (9) Platform deflection.  The lift platform (not including the entrance
ramp) shall not deflect more than 3 degrees (exclusive of car roll) in any
direction between its unloaded position and its position when loaded with 600
pounds applied through a 26 inch by 26 inch test pallet at the centroid of the
lift platform.

      (10) Platform movement.  No part of the platform shall move at a rate
exceeding 6 inches/second during lowering and lifting an occupant, and shall
not exceed 12 inches/second during deploying or stowing. This requirement does
not apply to the deployment or stowage cycles of lifts that are manually
deployed or stowed. The maximum platform horizontal and vertical acceleration
when occupied shall be 0.3g.

      (11) Boarding direction.  The lift shall permit both inboard and
outboard facing of wheelchairs and mobility aids.

      (12) Use by standees.  Lifts shall accommodate persons using walkers,
crutches, canes or braces or who otherwise have difficulty using steps. The
lift may be marked to indicate a preferred standing position.

      (13) Handrails.  Platforms on lifts shall be equipped with handrails, on
two sides, which move in tandem with the lift, and which shall be graspable
and provide support to standees throughout the entire lift operation.
Handrails shall have a usable component at least 8 inches long with the lowest
portion a minimum 30 inches above the platform and the highest portion a
maximum 38 inches above the platform. The handrails shall be capable of
withstanding a force of 100 pounds concentrated at any point on the handrail
without permanent deformation of the rail or its supporting structure. The
handrail shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 1-1/4 inches and 1-1/2
inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges
with corner radii of not less than 1/8 inch. Handrails shall be placed to
provide a minimum 1-1/2 inches knuckle clearance from the nearest adjacent
surface. Handrails shall not interfere with wheelchair or mobility aid
maneuverability when entering or leaving the car.

      (c) Car ramp or bridge plate. - (1) Design load.  Ramps or bridge plates
30 inches or longer shall support a load of 600 pounds, placed at the centroid
of the ramp or bridge plate distributed over an area of 26 inches by 26
inches, with a safety factor of at least 3 based on the ultimate strength of
the material. Ramps or bridge plates shorter than 30 inches shall support a
load of 300 pounds.

      (2) Ramp surface.  The ramp or bridge plate surface shall be continuous
and slip resistant, shall not have protrusions from the surface greater than
1/4 inch high, shall have a clear width of 30 inches and shall accommodate
both four-wheel and three-wheel mobility aids.

      (3) Ramp threshold.  The transition from station platform to the ramp or
bridge plate and the transition from car floor to the ramp or bridge plate may
be vertical without edge treatment up to 1/4 inch.  Changes in level between
1/4 inch and 1/2 inch shall be beveled with a slope no greater than 1:2.

      (4) Ramp barriers.  Each side of the ramp or bridge plate shall have
barriers at least 2 inches high to prevent mobility aid wheels from slipping
off.

      (5) Slope.  Ramps or bridge plates shall have the least slope
practicable. If the height of the vehicle floor, under 50% passenger load,
from which the ramp is deployed is 3 inches or less above the station platform
a maximum slope of 1:4 is permitted; if the height of the vehicle floor, under
50% passenger load, from which the ramp is deployed is 6 inches or less, but
more than 3 inches, above the station platform a maximum slope of 1:6 is
permitted; if the height of the vehicle floor, under 50% passenger load, from
which the ramp is deployed is 9 inches or less, but more than 6 inches, above
the station platform a maximum slope of 1:8 is permitted; if the height of the
vehicle floor, under 50% passenger load, from which the ramp is deployed is
greater than 9 inches above the station platform a slope of 1:12 shall be
achieved. Folding or telescoping ramps are permitted provided they meet all
structural requirements of this section.

      (6) Attachment. - (i) Requirement.  When in use for boarding or
alighting, the ramp or bridge plate shall be attached to the vehicle, or
otherwise prevented from moving such that it is not subject to displacement
when loading or unloading a heavy power mobility aid and that any gaps between
vehicle and ramp or bridge plate, and station platform and ramp or bridge
plate, shall not exceed 5/8 inch.

      (ii) Exception.  Ramps or bridge plates which are attached to, and
deployed from, station platforms are permitted in lieu of car devices provided
they meet the displacement requirements of paragraph (c)(6)(i) of this
section.

      (7) Stowage.  A compartment, securement system, or other appropriate
method shall be provided to ensure that stowed ramps or bridge plates,
including portable ramps or bridge plates stowed in the passenger area, do not
impinge on a passenger's wheelchair or mobility aid or pose any hazard to
passengers in the event of a sudden stop.

      (8) Handrails.  If provided, handrails shall allow persons with
disabilities to grasp them from outside the car while starting to board, and
to continue to use them throughout the boarding process, and shall have the
top between 30 inches and 38 inches above the ramp surface. The handrails
shall be capable of withstanding a force of 100 pounds concentrated at any
point on the handrail without permanent deformation of the rail or its
supporting structure. The handrail shall have a cross-sectional diameter
between 1-1/4 inches and 1-1/2 inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping
surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than 1/8 inch.
Handrails shall not interfere with wheelchair or mobility aid maneuverability
when entering or leaving the car.

      (d) Seating. - (1) Requirements.  All intercity rail cars required to be
accessible by Section 1192.111(a) and (e) of this subpart shall provide at
least one, but not more than two, mobility aid seating location(s) complying
with paragraph (d)(2) of this section; and at least one, but not more than
two, seating location(s) complying with paragraph (d)(3) of this section which
adjoin or overlap an accessible route with a minimum clear width of 32 inches.

      (2) Wheelchair or mobility aid spaces.  Spaces for persons who wish to
remain in their wheelchairs or mobility aids shall have a minimum clear floor
area 48 inches by 30 inches. Such space may have fold-down or removable seats
for use when not occupied by a wheelchair or mobility aid user. (See Fig. 2)

      (3) Other spaces.  Spaces for individuals who wish to transfer shall
include a regular coach seat or dining car booth or table seat and space to
fold and store the passenger's wheelchair.

Section 1192.127 Sleeping compartments.
      (a) Sleeping compartments required to be accessible shall be designed so
as to allow a person using a wheelchair or mobility aid to enter, maneuver
within and approach and use each element within such compartment. (See Fig. 5)

      (b) Each accessible compartment shall contain a restroom complying with
Section 1192.123(a) which can be entered directly from such compartment.

      (c) Controls and operating mechanisms (e.g., heating and air
conditioning controls, lighting controls, call buttons, electrical outlets,
etc.) shall be mounted no more than 48 inches, and no less than 15 inches,
above the floor and shall have a clear floor area directly in front a minimum
of 30 inches by 48 inches. Controls and operating mechanisms shall be operable
with one hand and shall not require tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of
the wrist.