CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information

Subpart C -- Rapid Rail Vehicles and Systems

Subpart C -- Rapid Rail Vehicles and Systems  
Section 1192.51 General. 
      (a) New, used and remanufactured rapid rail vehicles, to be considered
accessible by regulations issued by the Department of Transportation in 49 CFR
part 37, shall comply with this subpart.

      (b) If portions of the vehicle are modified in a way that affects or
could affect accessibility, each such portion shall comply, to the extent
practicable, with the applicable provisions of this subpart.  This provision
does not require that inaccessible vehicles be retrofitted with lifts, ramps
or other boarding devices.

      (c) Existing vehicles which are retrofitted to comply with the
"one-car-per-train rule" of 49 CFR 37.93 shall comply with Sections 1192.55,
1192.57(b), 1192.59 and shall have, in new and key stations, at least one door
complying with Section 1192.53(a)(1), (b) and (d). Removal of seats is not
required. Vehicles previously designed and manufactured in accordance with the
accessibility requirements of 49 CFR part 609 or Department of Transportation
regulations implementing section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 that
were in effect before October 7, 1991 and which can be entered and used from
stations in which they are to be operated, may be used to satisfy the
requirements of 49 CFR 37.93.

Section 1192.53 Doorways.
      (a) Clear width. - (1) Passenger doorways on vehicle sides shall have
clear openings at least 32 inches wide when open.


      (2) If doorways connecting adjoining cars in a multi-car train are
provided, and if such doorway is connected by an aisle with a minimum clear
width of 30 inches to one or more spaces where wheelchair or mobility aid
users can be accommodated, then such doorway shall have a minimum clear
opening of 30 inches to permit wheelchair and mobility aid users to be
evacuated to an adjoining vehicle in an emergency.

      (b) Signage.  The International Symbol of Accessibility shall be
displayed on the exterior of accessible vehicles operating on an accessible
rapid rail system unless all vehicles are accessible and are not marked by the
access symbol.  (See Fig. 6)

      (c) Signals.  Auditory and visual warning signals shall be provided to
alert passengers of closing doors.

      (d) Coordination with boarding platform. - (1) Requirements.  Where new
vehicles will operate in new stations, the design of vehicles shall be
coordinated with the boarding platform design such that the horizontal gap
between each vehicle door at rest and the platform shall be no greater than 3
inches and the height of the vehicle floor shall be within plus or minus 5/8
inch of the platform height under all normal passenger load conditions.
Vertical alignment may be accomplished by vehicle air suspension or other
suitable means of meeting the requirement.

      (2) Exception.  New vehicles operating in existing stations may have a
floor height within plus or minus 1-1/2 inches of the platform height.  At key
stations, the horizontal gap between at least one door of each such vehicle
and the platform shall be no greater than 3 inches.

      (3) Exception. Retrofitted vehicles shall be coordinated with the
platform in new and key stations such that the horizontal gap shall be no
greater than 4 inches and the height of the vehicle floor, under 50% passenger
load, shall be within plus or minus 2 inches of the platform height.

Setion 1192.55 Priority seating signs.
      (a) Each vehicle shall contain sign(s) which indicate that certain seats
are priority seats for persons with disabilities, and that other passengers
should make such seats available to those who wish to use them.

      (b) Characters on signs required by paragraph (a) of this section shall
have a width-to-height ratio between 3:5 and 1:1 and a stroke width-to-height
ratio between 1:5 and 1:10, with a minimum character height (using an upper
case "X") of 5/8 inch, with "wide" spacing (generally, the space between
letters shall be 1/16 the height of upper case letters), and shall contrast
with the background, either light-on-dark or dark-on-light.

Section 1192.57 Interior circulation, handrails and stanchions.
      (a) Handrails and stanchions shall be provided to assist safe boarding,
on-board circulation, seating and standing assistance, and alighting by
persons with disabilities.
 
      (b) Handrails, stanchions, and seats shall allow a route at least 32
inches wide so that at least two wheelchair or mobility aid users can enter
the vehicle and position the wheelchairs or mobility aids in areas, each
having a minimum clear space of 48 inches by 30 inches, which do not unduly
restrict movement of other passengers. Space to accommodate wheelchairs and
mobility aids may be provided within the normal area used by standees and
designation of specific spaces is not required. Particular attention shall be
given to ensuring maximum maneuverability immediately inside doors. Ample
vertical stanchions from ceiling to seat-back rails shall be provided.
Vertical stanchions from ceiling to floor shall not interfere with wheelchair
or mobility aid user circulation and shall be kept to a minimum in the
vicinity of doors.

      (c) The diameter or width of the gripping surface of handrails and
stanchions shall be 1-1/4 inches to 1-1/2 inches or provide an equivalent
gripping surface and shall provide a minimum 1-1/2 inches knuckle clearance
from the nearest adjacent surface.

Section 1192.59 Floor surfaces.
      Floor surfaces on aisles, places for standees, and areas where
wheelchair and mobility aid users are to be accommodated shall be
slip-resistant.

Section 1192.61 Public information system.
      (a)(1) Requirements.  Each vehicle shall be equipped with a public
address system permitting transportation system personnel, or recorded or
digitized human speech messages, to announce stations and provide other
passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which provide equivalent
access are also permitted. Each vehicle operating in stations having more than
one line or route shall have an external public address system to permit
transportation system personnel, or recorded or digitized human speech
messages, to announce train, route, or line identification information.

      (2) Exception.  Where station announcement systems provide information
on arriving trains, an external train speaker is not required.

      (b) [Reserved]

Section 1192.63 Between-car barriers.
      (a) Requirement.  Suitable devices or systems shall be provided to
prevent, deter or warn individuals from inadvertently stepping off the
platform between cars. Acceptable solutions include, but are not limited to,
pantograph gates, chains, motion detectors or similar devices.

      (b) Exception.  Between-car barriers are not required where platform
screens are provided which close off the platform edge and open only when
trains are correctly aligned with the doors.