CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information

TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES

<- 9. Lodging

10.  TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES.

1.  PURPOSE.

This document sets guidelines for accessibility to buildings and facilities by
individuals with disabilities under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
of 1990.  These guidelines are to be applied during the design, construction,
and alteration of buildings and facilities covered by Titles II and III of the
ADA to the extent required by regulations issued by Federal agencies,
including the Department of Justice and the Department of Transportation,
under the ADA.

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10. TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES.

10.1 General.  Every station, bus stop, bus stop pad, terminal, building or
other transportation facility, shall comply with the applicable provisions of
4.1 through 4.35, sections 5 through 9, and the applicable provisions of this
section.  The exceptions for elevators in 4.1.3(5), exception 1 and
4.1.6(1)(k) do not apply to a terminal, depot, or other station used for
specified public transportation, or an airport passenger terminal, or
facilities subject to Title II.

10.2 Bus Stops and Terminals.

10.2.1 New Construction.  (1) Where new bus stop pads are constructed at bus
stops, bays or other areas where a lift or ramp is to be deployed, they shall
have a firm, stable surface; a minimum clear length of 96 inches (measured
from the curb or vehicle roadway edge) and a minimum clear width of 60 inches
(measured parallel to the vehicle roadway) to the maximum extent allowed by
legal or site constraints; and shall be connected to streets, sidewalks or
pedestrian paths by an accessible route complying with 4.3 and 4.4.  The slope
of the pad parallel to the roadway shall, to the extent practicable, be the
same as the roadway.  For water drainage, a maximum slope of 1:50 (2%)
perpendicular to the roadway is allowed.

(2) Where provided, new or replaced bus shelters shall be installed or
positioned so as to permit a wheelchair or mobility aid user to enter from the
public way and to reach a location, having a minimum clear floor area of 30
inches by 48 inches, entirely within the perimeter of the shelter. Such
shelters shall be connected by an accessible route to the boarding area
provided under paragraph (1) of this section.

(3) Where provided, all new bus route identification signs shall comply with
4.30.5.  In addition, to the maximum extent practicable, all new bus route
identification signs shall comply with 4.30.2 and 4.30.3.  Signs that are
sized to the maximum dimensions permitted under legitimate local, state or
federal regulations or ordinances shall be considered in compliance with
4.30.2 and 4.30.3 for purposes of this section.

EXCEPTION: Bus schedules, timetables, or maps that are posted at the bus stop
or bus bay are not required to comply with this provision.

10.2.2 Bus Stop Siting and Alterations.  (1) Bus stop sites shall be chosen
such that, to the maximum extent practicable, the areas where lifts or ramps
are to be deployed comply with section 10.2.1(1) and (2).

(2) When new bus route identification signs are installed or old signs are
replaced, they shall comply with the requirements of 10.2.1(3).

10.3 Fixed Facilities and Stations.

10.3.1 New Construction.  New stations in rapid rail, light rail, commuter
rail, intercity bus, intercity rail, high speed rail, and other fixed guideway
systems (e.g., automated guideway transit, monorails, etc.) shall comply with
the following provisions, as applicable:

(1) Elements such as ramps, elevators or other circulation devices, fare
vending or other ticketing areas, and fare collection areas shall be placed to
minimize the distance which wheelchair users and other persons who cannot
negotiate steps may have to travel compared to the general public.  The
circulation path, including an accessible entrance and an accessible route,
for persons with disabilities shall, to the maximum extent practicable,
coincide with the circulation path for the general public.  Where the
circulation path is different, signage complying with 4.30.1, 4.30.2, 4.30.3,
4.30.5, and 4.30.7(1) shall be provided to indicate direction to and identify
the accessible entrance and accessible route.

(2) In lieu of compliance with 4.1.3(8), at least one entrance to each station
shall comply with 4.14, Entrances.  If different entrances to a station serve
different transportation fixed routes or groups of fixed routes, at least one
entrance serving each group or route shall comply with 4.14, Entrances.  All
accessible entrances shall, to the maximum extent practicable, coincide with
those used by the majority of the general public.

(3) Direct connections to commercial, retail, or residential facilities shall
have an accessible route complying with 4.3 from the point of connection to
boarding platforms and all transportation system elements used by the public.
Any elements provided to facilitate future direct connections shall be on an
accessible route connecting boarding platforms and all transportation system
elements used by the public.

(4) Where signs are provided at entrances to stations identifying the station
or the entrance, or both, at least one sign at each entrance shall comply with
4.30.4 and 4.30.6.  Such signs shall be placed in uniform locations at
entrances within the transit system to the maximum extent practicable.

EXCEPTION: Where the station has no defined entrance, but signage is provided,
then the accessible signage shall be placed in a central location.

(5) Stations covered by this section shall have identification signs complying
with 4.30.1, 4.30.2, 4.30.3, and 4.30.5.  Signs shall be placed at frequent
intervals and shall be clearly visible from within the vehicle on both sides
when not obstructed by another train.  When station identification signs are
placed close to vehicle windows (i.e., on the side opposite from boarding)
each shall have the top of the highest letter or symbol below the top of the
vehicle window and the bottom of the lowest letter or symbol above the
horizontal mid-line of the vehicle window.

(6) Lists of stations, routes, or destinations served by the station and
located on boarding areas, platforms, or mezzanines shall comply with 4.30.1,
4.30.2, 4.30.3, and 4.30.5.  A minimum of one sign identifying the specific
station and complying with 4.30.4 and 4.30.6 shall be provided on each
platform or boarding area.  All signs referenced in this paragraph shall, to
the maximum extent practicable, be placed in uniform locations within the
transit system.

(7)* Automatic fare vending, collection and adjustment (e.g., add-fare)
systems shall comply with 4.34.2, 4.34.3, and 4.34.4.  At each accessible
entrance such devices shall be located on an accessible route.  If
self-service fare collection devices are provided for the use of the general
public, at least one accessible device for entering, and at least one for
exiting, unless one device serves both functions, shall be provided at each
accessible point of entry or exit.  Accessible fare collection devices shall
have a minimum clear opening width of 32 inches; shall permit passage of a
wheelchair; and, where provided, coin or card slots and controls necessary for
operation shall comply with 4.27.  Gates which must be pushed open by
wheelchair or mobility aid users shall have a smooth continuous surface
extending from 2 inches above the floor to 27 inches above the floor and shall
comply with 4.13.  Where the circulation path does not coincide with that used
by the general public, accessible fare collection systems shall be located at
or adjacent to the accessible point of entry or exit.

(8) Platform edges bordering a drop-off and not protected by platform screens
or guard rails shall have a detectable warning.  Such detectable warnings
shall comply with 4.29.2 and shall be 24 inches wide running the full length
of the platform drop-off.

(9) In stations covered by this section, rail-to-platform height in new
stations shall be coordinated with the floor height of new vehicles so that
the vertical difference, measured when the vehicle is at rest, is within plus
or minus 5/8 inch under normal passenger load conditions.  For rapid rail,
light rail, commuter rail, high speed rail, and intercity rail systems in new
stations, the horizontal gap, measured when the new vehicle is at rest, shall
be no greater than 3 inches. For slow moving automated guideway "people mover"
transit systems, the horizontal gap in new stations shall be no greater than 1
inch.

EXCEPTION 1: Existing vehicles operating in new stations may have a vertical
difference with respect to the new platform within plus or minus 1-1/2 inches.

EXCEPTION 2: In light rail, commuter rail and intercity rail systems where it
is not operationally or structurally feasible to meet the horizontal gap or
vertical difference requirements, mini-high platforms, car-borne or
platform-mounted lifts, ramps or bridge plates, or similar manually deployed
devices, meeting the applicable requirements of 36 CFR part 1192, or 49 CFR
part 38 shall suffice.

(10) Stations shall not be designed or constructed so as to require persons
with disabilities to board or alight from a vehicle at a location other than
one used by the general public.

(11) Illumination levels in the areas where signage is located shall be
uniform and shall minimize glare on signs.  Lighting along circulation routes
shall be of a type and configuration to provide uniform illumination.

(12) Text Telephones: The following shall be provided in accordance with
4.31.9:

      (a) If an interior public pay telephone is provided in a transit
facility (as defined by the Department of Transportation) at least one
interior public text telephone shall be provided in the station.

      (b) Where four or more public pay telephones serve a particular entrance
to a rail station and at least one is in an interior location, at least one
interior public text telephone shall be provided to serve that entrance.
Compliance with this section constitutes compliance with section 4.1.3(17)(c).

(13) Where it is necessary to cross tracks to reach boarding platforms, the
route surface shall be level and flush with the rail top at the outer edge and
between the rails, except for a maximum 2-1/2 inch gap on the inner edge of
each rail to permit passage of wheel flanges. Such crossings shall comply with
4.29.5. Where gap reduction is not practicable, an above- grade or below-grade
accessible route shall be provided.

(14) Where public address systems are provided to convey information to the
public in terminals, stations, or other fixed facilities, a means of conveying
the same or equivalent information to persons with hearing loss or who are
deaf shall be provided.

(15) Where clocks are provided for use by the general public, the clock face
shall be uncluttered so that its elements are clearly visible.  Hands,
numerals, and/or digits shall contrast with the background either
light-on-dark or dark-on-light.  Where clocks are mounted overhead, numerals
and/or digits shall comply with 4.30.3. Clocks shall be placed in uniform
locations throughout the facility and system to the maximum extent
practicable.

(16) Where provided in below grade stations, escalators shall have a minimum
clear width of 32 inches.  At the top and bottom of each escalator run, at
least two contiguous treads shall be level beyond the comb plate before the
risers begin to form.  All escalator treads shall be marked by a strip of
clearly contrasting color, 2 inches in width, placed parallel to and on the
nose of each step.  The strip shall be of a material that is at least as slip
resistant as the remainder of the tread. The edge of the tread shall be
apparent from both ascending and descending directions.

(17) Where provided, elevators shall be glazed or have transparent panels to
allow an unobstructed view both in to and out of the car.  Elevators shall
comply with 4.10.

EXCEPTION: Elevator cars with a clear floor area in which a 60 inch diameter
circle can be inscribed may be substituted for the minimum car dimensions of
4.10, Fig. 22.

(18) Where provided, ticketing areas shall permit persons with disabilities to
obtain a ticket and check baggage and shall comply with 7.2.

(19) Where provided, baggage check-in and retrieval systems shall be on an
accessible route complying with 4.3, and shall have space immediately adjacent
complying with 4.2.  If unattended security barriers are provided, at least
one gate shall comply with 4.13.  Gates which must be pushed open by
wheelchair or mobility aid users shall have a smooth continuous surface
extending from 2 inches above the floor to 27 inches above the floor.

10.3.2 Existing Facilities: Key Stations. (1) Rapid, light and commuter rail
key stations, as defined under criteria established by the Department of
Transportation in subpart C of 49 CFR part 37 and existing intercity rail
stations shall provide at least one accessible route from an accessible
entrance to those areas necessary for use of the transportation system.

(2) The accessible route required by 10.3.2(1) shall include the features
specified in 10.3.1 (1), (4)-(9), (11)-(15), and (17)-(19).

(3) Where technical infeasibility in existing stations requires the accessible
route to lead from the public way to a paid area of the transit system, an
accessible fare collection system, complying with 10.3.1(7), shall be provided
along such accessible route.

(4) In light rail, rapid rail and commuter rail key stations, the platform or
a portion thereof and the vehicle floor shall be coordinated so that the
vertical difference, measured when the vehicle is at rest, within plus or
minus 1-1/2 inches under all normal passenger load conditions, and the
horizontal gap, measured when the vehicle is at rest, is no greater than 3
inches for at least one door of each vehicle or car required to be accessible
by 49 CFR part 37.

EXCEPTION 1: Existing vehicles retrofitted to meet the requirements of 49 CFR
37.93 (one- car-per-train rule) shall be coordinated with the platform such
that, for at least one door, the vertical difference between the vehicle floor
and the platform, measured when the vehicle is at rest with 50% normal
passenger capacity, is within plus or minus 2 inches and the horizontal gap is
no greater than 4 inches.

EXCEPTION 2: Where it is not structurally or operationally feasible to meet
the horizontal gap or vertical difference requirements, mini-high platforms,
car-borne or platform mounted lifts, ramps or bridge plates, or similar
manually deployed devices, meeting the applicable requirements of 36 CFR Part
1192 shall suffice.

(5) New direct connections to commercial, retail, or residential facilities
shall, to the maximum extent feasible, have an accessible route complying with
4.3 from the point of connection to boarding platforms and all transportation
system elements used by the public.  Any elements provided to facilitate
future direct connections shall be on an accessible route connecting boarding
platforms and all transportation system elements used by the public.

10.3.3 Existing Facilities: Alterations.  (1) For the purpose of complying
with 4.1.6(2) Alterations to an Area Containing a Primary Function, an area of
primary function shall be as defined by applicable provisions of 49 CFR
37.43(c) (Department of Transportation's ADA Rule) or 28 CFR 36.403
(Department of Justice's ADA Rule).

10.4.  Airports.

10.4.1 New Construction.  (1) Elements such as ramps, elevators or other
vertical circulation devices, ticketing areas, security checkpoints, or
passenger waiting areas shall be placed to minimize the distance which
wheelchair users and other persons who cannot negotiate steps may have to
travel compared to the general public.

(2) The circulation path, including an accessible entrance and an accessible
route, for persons with disabilities shall, to the maximum extent practicable,
coincide with the circulation path for the general public.  Where the
circulation path is different, directional signage complying with 4.30.1,
4.30.2, 4.30.3 and 4.30.5 shall be provided which indicates the location of
the nearest accessible entrance and its accessible route.

(3) Ticketing areas shall permit persons with disabilities to obtain a ticket
and check baggage and shall comply with 7.2.

(4) Where public pay telephones are provided, and at least one is at an
interior location, a public text telephone shall be provided in compliance
with 4.31.9.  Additionally, if four or more public pay telephones are located
in any of the following locations, at least one public text telephone shall
also be provided in that location:

      (a) a main terminal outside the security areas;
      (b) a concourse within the security areas; or
      (c) a baggage claim area in a terminal.

Compliance with this section constitutes compliance with section 4.1.3(17)(c).

(5) Baggage check-in and retrieval systems shall be on an accessible route
complying with 4.3, and shall have space immediately adjacent complying with
4.2.4.  If unattended security barriers are provided, at least one gate shall
comply with 4.13.  Gates which must be pushed open by wheelchair or mobility
aid users shall have a smooth continuous surface extending from 2 inches above
the floor to 27 inches above the floor.

(6) Terminal information systems which broadcast information to the general
public through a public address system shall provide a means to provide the
same or equivalent information to persons with a hearing loss or who are deaf.
Such methods may include, but are not limited to, visual paging systems using
video monitors and computer technology.  For persons with certain types of
hearing loss such methods may include, but are not limited to, an assistive
listening system complying with 4.33.7.

(7) Where clocks are provided for use by the general public the clock face
shall be uncluttered so that its elements are clearly visible.  Hands,
numerals, and/or digits shall contrast with their background either
light-on-dark or dark-on-light.  Where clocks are mounted overhead, numerals
and/or digits shall comply with 4.30.3.  Clocks shall be placed in uniform
locations throughout the facility to the maximum extent practicable.

(8) Security Systems.  [Reserved]

10.5 Boat and Ferry Docks.  [Reserved]

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